Syria rejects UN charges as Homs battered

2012-02-14 22:33

Damascus - Syria flatly rejected UN allegations of crimes against humanity on Tuesday, even as monitors said troops killed at least six civilians in the heaviest shelling of the protest city of Homs for days.

Navi Pillay, the top human rights representative at the United Nations, said on Monday that the world body's inaction had "emboldened" Syria's government to unleash overwhelming force against its own civilians.

"The nature and scale of abuses committed by Syrian forces indicate that crimes against humanity are likely to have been committed since March 2011," she told the General Assembly.

But Syria's government rejected her accusations.

"The foreign ministry, in a message sent to the UN Human Rights Commission, categorically rejected the new allegations made by the commission," state news agency Sana said.

The ministry also accused the commission of being manipulated by "countries targeting Syria and of ignoring the terrorist crimes committed by armed groups", Sana reported.

A monitoring group said President Bashar Assad's forces launched one of their heaviest assaults on Homs since they began their campaign to crush rebels on February 4.

On the same day Russia and China vetoed a UN Security Council resolution on Syria for the second time in four months.

But Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao said in Beijing his country "will absolutely not protect any party, including the government in Syria".

Relentless barrage

The Syrian regime's crackdown has been centred on the central city of Homs, which has been under a relentless barrage of machine gun fire, shells, mortars and rocket-propelled grenades for 10 days.

"The shelling of the Baba Amr neighbourhood began at dawn and is the most intense in five days," Rami Abdel Rahman of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.

"Two rockets are falling a minute on average," the head of the Britain-based monitoring group told AFP by telephone, citing activists on the ground.

"Six civilians died in the continuous shelling of Baba Amr neighbourhood this morning," the Observatory said later in an e-mailed statement.

A video uploaded to YouTube by activists showed a powerful blast striking what they said was Baba Amr, sending flames shooting into the sky and a plume of black smoke over the rebel stronghold.

Hadi Abdullah of the General Commission of the Syrian Revolution, an opposition activist group, said the shelling of Baba Amr was extremely heavy.

"The situation is tragic. There are pregnant women, people with heart problems, diabetics and, foremost, wounded people who we cannot evacuate," he said on the phone from the beleaguered city.

"On Monday evening three activists entered the town by car transporting bread, baby milk and medicine," he said. "Their car was hit by a rocket. They all burned to death.

"We told them it was dangerous but they said, 'If we don't help the residents who will'."

Cemeteries targeted

Abdullah said the humanitarian situation was worsening in Homs, where vital supplies have been cut off for days, including communications, electricity, food, medicines and water.

"The urgency is to evacuate the wounded. How can we let them die in cold blood?"

"For one week, the dead have been buried in gardens, because even the cemeteries and graves are being targeted. People are crammed into shelters," he added.

More than 6 000 people have been killed since Assad's forces began its crackdown on protesters calling for democracy in March, according to monitoring groups.

The United Nations put the figure at more than 5 400 in late December, before it gave up counting the toll, citing difficulties on the ground.

The Arab League agreed on Sunday on its latest initiative to stop the bloodshed, calling for the UN to approve a joint Arab-UN peacekeeping force.

However, Syria "categorically" rejected the proposal and Russia cast doubt on it.

In Washington, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton expressed hope that talks to be held soon in Tunisia by the "Friends of Syria" coalition would bring results.

"We look forward to joining the Arab League initiative for the 'Friends of Syria' group, which will have its first meeting in Tunisia next week," said Clinton.

The coalition, made up of Western and Arab nations keen to stop the violence in Syria and further isolate Assad, was proposed by Washington after UN efforts to end the conflict failed.

  • Fred - 2012-02-15 02:28

    It's amazing how tragically stupid dictators are.

      Antoinette Jordaan - 2012-02-15 07:52

      I'm wondering why china and russia decided to vetoe? Is that a display of power or what?

      Matthew Nowicki - 2012-02-15 08:42

      They would rather not have an ally bombed off the face of this earth, as in Libya. Makes sense don't you think

      Fred - 2012-02-15 14:35

      Antoinette, they're new to international affairs, having alienated themselves for decades with Communism. They have the worst human rights records of all the countries on Earth (Google Stalin, the Soviet Union, Mao Tse Tung's Cultural Revolution, Communist China) , and are therefore insensitive to the plight of the Syrian people. And they have big investments in Syria.

      Fred - 2012-02-15 14:38

      Matthew, so they'd rather let Assad, a dictator who is similar in style to their leadership, annihilate everyone. As a supporter of tyrants and dictators, this aligns with your values too. Dumb and heartless.

      Matthew Nowicki - 2012-02-15 16:08

      Couldn't be further from the truth. You want human rights violations look no further than the US napalming women and children during the Vietnam war. More recently the white phosphorus used in civilian locations during the battle of Fallujah. You see Fred, the UN and US do not really have the Syrian people in mind, in fact history shows the US cares very little about human rights until it effects their PR.

  • Jaba - 2012-02-15 07:52

    Just in case you didn’t know: Iranian Revolutionary Guards, Hezbollah operatives who are aiding Assad's brutal crackdown on protesters now number in the hundreds. Keep in mind that Russia is still keeping the world hostage from helping the Syrian citizens while Assad and Iran fight to keep control.

  • Nyiko Ngobeni - 2012-02-15 07:58

    But surely, if the rebels hide among civilians they must expect civilians to be killed isn't it? Why don't they evacuate the civilians in that case, but they won't, because they rather have civilians die rather than them

      Fidel - 2012-02-15 08:08

      It is an irresponsible action, they know that they are not going to shoot their way to power. Why is talking to their government not an option. Why are they being encouraged to continue with the armed insurrection. They should concede that they miscalculated and that Nato intervention won't be forthcoming. It was about time they sat down with their government. Perhaps they are a rabble group of would be matyrs with no clear leadership structures, except being directed from the Sunni Caliphates and abroad.

      Anthony - 2012-02-15 08:55

      Fidel, you just don't get it. Where in the world, has talks with a dictator been succesful???? NOWHERE!!! , For the simple reason, a dictator only knows how to threaten and terrorize the population, and opposition gets KILLED !!!!

      Fred - 2012-02-15 14:39

      Fidel is a bellwether for the wrong perspective. If you want to know what not to think, he will help you see this. He is entirely consistent in providing this service to humanity.

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