Syrian warplanes pound rebel targets

2013-05-09 16:34
(Picture: AFP)

(Picture: AFP)

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Beirut - Syrian warplanes pounded rebel targets in two northern provinces on Thursday, as President Bashar Assad's troops pushed on with an offensive to reclaim more territory from the opposition.

The strikes came against the backdrop of a new, joint US-Russia effort to bring the sides in the 26-month-long conflict to the negotiating table.

The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Assad's air force was shelling rebel positions in Aleppo and Idlib on Thursday.

The group said regime planes were hitting rebels near the Mannagh military air base outside of the northern city of Aleppo, the provincial capital.

The rebels stormed the base, which lies near the border with Turkey, and captured parts of it on Sunday, but were later forced to retreat in the face of regime's superior air power.

In neighbouring Idlib province, heavy clashes were underway on Thursday outside several army bases near the government-controlled provincial capital, said the Observatory, which relies on a network of informants based inside Syria.

In Damascus, the state-run Sana news agency said government troops regained control of one more village and some land near the country's border with Lebanon on Thursday.

The agency claimed Assad's troops inflicted heavy losses on the rebels in Aleppo and Idlib.

Land captured by rebels

In the past months, the rebels have captured large swaths of land in the north and northeast, including the entire city of Raqqa and several neighbourhoods inside Aleppo, Syria largest urban centre and its main commercial hub.

But the opposition fighters have struggled to hold on to the territory, frequently complaining to their Western backers that their weapons are no match for Assad's weapons arsenal.

Assad has relied heavily on his air power to reverse rebel gains and to prevent the opposition from setting up a rival government in their northern strongholds.

The Obama administration has said it is considering providing weapons to vetted units in the armed opposition, following recent revelation of a US intelligence assessment suggesting Assad regime used chemical weapons.

But the US maintains deep reservations about providing direct military assistance to the rebels for fear that advance weapons would end up in the hand of al-Qaeda-linked groups that have been the most effective fighting force on the opposition's side.

New aid package

US Secretary of State John Kerry is expected to announce a new aid package of $100m to Syrian opposition, US officials said on Wednesday, speaking on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to speak publicly on the matter ahead of Kerry's announcement in Rome later on Thursday.

The money is for humanitarian purposes only and not linked to any decision on arming Syrian rebels.

Washington is looking for ways to halt the conflict, which has killed more than 70 000 people since the revolt erupted in March 2011.

On Tuesday, Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov announced in Moscow, that they will convene an international conference on Syria with the goal of corralling Assad's government and opposition representatives into peace talks.

Their initiative is identical to a plan, set out in Geneva last year, to bring Damascus regime and opposition representatives together for talks on an interim government.

Each side would be allowed to veto candidates it finds unacceptable.

The Geneva proposal also called for an open-ended cease-fire and the formation of a transitional government to run the country until new elections can be held.

Even the most modest international efforts to halt the fighting have failed as neither side in the Syrian civil war has embraced dialogue, which underlines their resolve to prevail on the battlefield.

US-Russia effort welcomed

The main and Western-backed opposition group, the Syrian National Coalition, said on Wednesday it welcomes US-Russia effort to reach a political solution but that any transition must begin with the departure of Assad and officials in his regime.

Syrian officials have said that Assad will stay in his post until his seven-year term ends next year and that he will run for re-election.

Information Minister Omran al-Zoubi said on Thursday that Assad's government is willing to consider any proposals for a political solution of the conflict while it retains the right to fight "terrorists”, the regime's term for the opposition fighters and their supporters.

Al-Zoubi did not specifically mention the US-Russian initiative in his brief remarks to journalists in Damascus that were carried by Sana.

In Lebanon, a senior security official said several rockets landed on Thursday on Lebanese territory, the latest incident of Syria's conflict spilling over the country's volatile borders.

The official spoke on condition of anonymity in line with state regulations.

There were no reports of casualties in the incident in the north-western Lebanese town of Harmel.

Read more on:    al-qaeda  |  bashar assad  |  john kerry  |  sergey lavrov  |  us  |  russia  |  syria  |  syria conflict

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