Syria's opposition urges EU to send arms

2013-05-29 12:00
Syrian rebel fighters. (File, AP)

Syrian rebel fighters. (File, AP)

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Beirut — Syria's main opposition bloc on Wednesday urged the European Union to quickly supply rebels fighting President Bashar Assad's forces with sophisticated weapons and help them overthrow his regime.

The call by the Syrian National Coalition followed EU's decision earlier this week to let the Syrian arms embargo expire, paving way for individual countries in the 27-member union to send weapons to Assad's outgunned opponents.

However, the EU decision on Monday may have little impact on Syria's 2-year-old conflict, since no single European country is expected to send lethal weapons to the rebels anytime soon.

The Western-backed Syrian opposition coalition urged the EU to back the arms flow and promptly send "specialised weaponry to repel the fierce attacks waged against unarmed civilians" by Assad's regime, its allies in Lebanon's militant Hezbollah group and Iranian backers.

"The Coalition recognises that this decision is part of many serious efforts by the EU to support the Syrian people throughout the hardships in the uprisings," the group's statement said on Wednesday. "However, despite the importance of this decision, the words must be solidified by action."

There are deep divisions in the EU over ways to end the bloodshed in Syria, and even Britain and France — who want to arm the rebels — have said they have no immediate plans to do so until diplomacy has been given a chance. The US and Russia are trying to launch Syrian peace talks at a conference in Geneva, possibly next month.

Only plan a long shot

Still, the possibility of an arms race in Syria could overshadow attempts to bring representatives of Assad's regime and its political opposition to the talks.

Damascus previously said that it would "in principle" attend the Geneva talks. The opposition coalition has yet to decide whether to go or not, and despite days of deliberations in Istanbul, the fractured bloc has not come up with a joint decision.

Opposition leaders insist Assad must relinquish power before any talks with Damascus can take place.

The Geneva talks, though seen as a long shot, are the international community's only plan for ending the conflict that began more than two years ago and has killed more than 70 000 people. Also, more than five million people fled their homes, seeking refuge in neighbouring countries and in other parts of Syria.

Russia, Assad's close ally, has harshly criticised Europe's decision to allow the arming of Syrian rebels, saying it undercuts international efforts to negotiate an end to the civil war. Moscow also renewed its pledge to supply Assad's regime with advanced missiles, which could transform an already brutal conflict into an East-West proxy fight.

US State Department spokesperson Patrick Ventrell said on Tuesday that Washington welcomes the EU decision as a show of support for the Syrian opposition and as a message to the Assad regime that such support will only grow. He said the Obama administration will continue to provide non-lethal assistance to the rebels but hasn't made a decision on whether to arm them.

Washington and many of its European allies have been reluctant to send sophisticated weapons to Syrian rebels, fearing they could end up in the hands of radical Islamic groups such as the al-Qaeda-affiliated Jabhat al-Nusra that have emerged as the most effective and organised fighting force on the opposition's side.

Israel on Tuesday signalled it was prepared to strike Russian deliveries of air defence missiles systems to Syria, portraying them as a threat to the Jewish state and raising the risk of regional conflagration.

Read more on:    eu  |  bashar assad  |  syria  |  syria conflict  |  uprisings

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