Thousands mark 20 years of Srebrenica massacre

2015-07-11 12:10
A Bosnian woman mourns at the freshly dug grave of her brother at the Potocari Memorial Center near Srebrenica.

A Bosnian woman mourns at the freshly dug grave of her brother at the Potocari Memorial Center near Srebrenica.

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Srebrenica - Tens of thousands of people, coming by buses, cars, motorcycles and on foot, poured into Srebrenica on Saturday to mark the 20th anniversary of Europe's worst massacre since the Holocaust and to attend the funeral of 136 newly found victims.

Dozens of foreign dignitaries – including former US President Bill Clinton, Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, Britain's Princess Anne and Jordan's Queen Noor – were also coming for a ceremony mourning the 8 000 Muslim men and boys killed in the eastern Bosnian town of Srebrenica by Bosnian Serb troops. The crime was later defined as genocide by two international courts.

Families will lay the remains of 136 victims to rest at a memorial centre next to the graves of over 6 000 previously found in mass graves.

During the 1992-95 war, the United Nations declared Srebrenica a safe haven for civilians. But on July 11 1995, Serb troops overran the Muslim enclave. Some 15 000 men tried to flee through the woods toward government-held territory while others joined the town's women and children in seeking refuge at the base of the Dutch UN troops.

The outnumbered Dutch troops could only watch as Serb soldiers rounded up about 2 000 men for killing and later hunted down and killed another 6 000 men in the woods.

So far, remains of about 7 000 victims have been excavated from 93 graves or collected from 314 surface locations and identified through DNA technology. None of the 136 bodies to be laid to rest on Saturday are complete.

Bosnian Serbs deny the killings were "genocide" and their leader, Milorad Dodik, called the number of victims a "lie", but Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vucic will be representing Serbia at the commemoration.

For three days, nearly 10 000 people retraced in reverse the march taken by those fleeing Srebrenica men and arrived on Friday evening, in time to help families carry the 136 coffins from the former UN base, across the road to the memorial centre.

Resid Dervisevic, who survived the escape through the forests in 1995, said each year he takes part in the march and it hurts. "In my dreams I talk to my brother and my nephews and my friends who perished on this path," he said.

About 500 bikers who arrived for the ceremony turned their engines off and the valley fell into silence. A tough-looking biker dressed in black and displaying his tattooed and muscled arms quietly watched the river of coffins passing from hand to hand. From underneath his cool black sunglasses, a tear rolled down his cheek.

The 1992-95 war in Bosnia, pitting Christian Orthodox Serbs against Bosnian Muslims and Croatian Catholics, left more than 100 000 people dead and millions homeless. The Serbs, who wanted to remain in the Serb-led Yugoslavia, fought against the secession of Bosnia and Croatia from the former federation.

The conflict ended with a US-brokered peace agreement that divided the once ethnically mixed country in two mini states – one run by the Serbs, the other shared by the Bosniaks and Croats.

Read more on:    un  |  bosnia

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