US sees 'new day' 1-yr after bin Laden raid

2012-05-02 08:52

Bagram Air Field - On a swift, secretive trip to the war zone, President Barack Obama declared Tuesday night that after years of sacrifice the US combat role in Afghanistan is winding down just as it has already ended in Iraq.

"We can see the light of a new day," he said on the anniversary of Osama bin Laden's death and in the midst of his own re-election campaign.

"Our goal is to destroy al-Qaeda, and we are on a path to do exactly that," Obama said in an unusual speech to America broadcast from an air base halfway around the world.

He spoke after signing an agreement with Afghan President Hamid Karzai to cover the decade after the planned final withdrawal of US combat troops in 2014. Obama said American forces will be involved in counter-terrorism and training of the Afghan military, "but we will not build permanent bases in this country, nor will we be patrolling its cities and mountains".

In a blunt reminder of Afghanistan's fragile security situation, three explosions occurred in Kabul just hours after Obama left the country. Kabul police official Mohammed Zahir said the blasts were heard near a "camp for foreigners" in the eastern part of the capital. He said gunfire was also heard.

Ministry of Interior spokesperson Sidiq Sidiqi said one of the blasts was a car bomb, possibly driven by a suicide attacker.

The president landed in Bagram in darkness, and his helicopter roared to Kabul for the meeting with Karzai, under close guard with only the outlines of the nearby mountains visible. Later, back at the base, he was surrounded by US troops, shaking every hand. He ended his lightning visit with the speech delivered straight to the television camera — and the voters he was trying to reach back home.

Two armoured troop carriers served as a backdrop, rather than the customary Oval Office tableau.

9/11 terror

His Republican re-election foe, Mitt Romney, was in New York, where the destruction of the twin towers on 11 September 2001, set in motion the decisions that led to the wars in both Iraq and Afghanistan.

Romney accused Obama of politicising the fleeting national unity that came with the death of bin Laden, the 9/11 terror mastermind.

In a statement released by his campaign later, Romney said he was pleased that Obama had returned to Afghanistan, that the troops and the American people deserved to hear from the president what is at stake in the war. "Success in Afghanistan is vital to our nation's security," he said.

At the air base, Obama said, "This time of war began in Afghanistan, and this is where it will end. ... With faith in each other, and our eyes fixed on the future, let us finish the work at hand and forge a just and lasting peace."

Earlier, he delivered a similarly upbeat message to the troops. Noting their sacrifice, he said, "There's a light on the horizon."

It was Obama's fourth trip to Afghanistan, his third as commander in chief. He was less than seven hours on the ground in all. He also visited troops at a hospital at the Bagram base, awarding 10 Purple Hearts.

According to the Pentagon, more than 1 800 American troops have been killed across more than a decade of war in Afghanistan.

About 88 000 remain stationed there.

The wars here and in Iraq combined have cost almost $1.3 trillion. And recent polls show that up to 60% of Americans oppose the continued US presence in Afghanistan.

Decade of conflict

In his speech to the nation, Obama said, "I recognise many Americans are tired of war."

He said that last year, "we removed 10 000 US troops from Afghanistan. Another 23 000 will leave by the end of the summer. After that, reductions will continue at a steady pace, with more of our troops coming home. And as our coalition agreed, by the end of 2014 the Afghans will be fully responsible for the security of their country".

Without mentioning the political campaign back home, Obama claimed that on his watch the fortunes of the terrorists have suffered mightily.

Over the past three years "the tide has turned. We broke the Taliban's momentum. We've built strong Afghan security forces. We devastated al-Qaeda's leadership, taking out over 20 of their top 30 leaders," he said.

"And one year ago, from a base here in Afghanistan, our troops launched the operation that killed Osama bin laden."

In a reference to the destruction of New York's World Trade Centre on 11 September 2001, he added, "As we emerge from a decade of conflict abroad and economic crisis at home, it is time to renew America ... a united America of grit and resilience, where sunlight glistens off soaring new towers in downtown Manhattan, and we build our future as one people, as one nation."

He spoke for less than 15 minutes, beginning at 04:00 in Afghanistan, 19:30 on the East Coast of the United States. Minutes later, Air Force One was on its way back to Washington.

Obama flew to the site of America's longest war not only as commander in chief but also as an incumbent president in the early stages of a tough re-election campaign. Nor were the two roles completely distinct.

His presence was a reminder that since taking office in 2009, Obama has ended the war in Iraq and moved to create an orderly end for the US combat role in Afghanistan.

Heartbreak and pain

In the political realm, he and Vice President Joe Biden have marked the one-year anniversary of bin Laden's death by questioning whether Republican challenge Romney would have ordered the daring raid that penetrated the terrorist leader's Pakistan hide-out. Republicans are accusing the president of trying for political gain from the event, and Romney is insisting that he would indeed have ordered US forces into action.

The deal signed with Karzai does not commit the United States to any specific troop presence or spending. But it does allow the US to potentially keep troops in Afghanistan after the war ends for two specific purposes: continued training of Afghan forces and targeted operations against al-Qaeda.

The terror group is present in neighbouring Pakistan but has only a nominal presence inside Afghanistan.

Obama said the agreement was meant in part to pay tribute to the U.S. troops who have died in Afghanistan since the war began. He also underlined his message to Afghans.

"With this agreement I am confident that the Afghan people will understand that the United States will stand by them," he said.

Karzai said his countrymen "will never forget" the help of US forces over the past decade. He said the partnership agreement shows the United States and Afghanistan will continue to fight terrorism together. The United States promises to seek money from Congress every year to support Afghanistan.

To the troops, he readily conceded continued hardship.

"I know the battle's not yet over," he said. "Some of your buddies are going to get injured. And some of your buddies may get killed. And there's going to be heartbreak and pain and difficulty ahead." He added that his administration is committed to ensuring that once the war is over, veterans will be given their due.

Security challenges

Officials have previously said as many as 20 000 US troops may remain after the combat mission ends, but that still must still be negotiated.

The president's Tuesday night address was coming exactly one year after special forces, on his order, began the raid that led to the killing of bin Laden in Pakistan.

Since then, ties between the United States and Afghanistan have been tested anew by the burning of Muslim holy books at a US base and the massacre of 17 civilians, including children, allegedly by an American soldier.

Obama had gone twice before to Afghanistan as president, most recently in December 2010, and once to Iraq in 2009.

All such trips, no matter how carefully planned, carry the weight and the risks of considerable security challenges. Just last month, the Taliban began near-simultaneous assaults on embassies, government buildings and Nato bases in Kabul.

Besides the US troops in Afghanistan, there are 40 000 in coalition forces from other nations.

  • mario.dippenaar - 2012-05-02 09:38

    Shoe, I can't believe it's been a year since the raid. Also, in this tread: conspiracy theories!

      Fidel - 2012-05-02 10:29

      What are secret government agencies if not conspiracies? A group of police detectives, investigating a crime committed by a secretive group, will engage in creating possible scenarios based on whatever scraps of evidence they might obtain. They are theorising about criminal conspiracies, and this is useful and necessary. We do not call them "conspiracy theorists," however.

      Fidel - 2012-05-02 10:29

      What are secret government agencies if not conspiracies? A group of police detectives, investigating a crime committed by a secretive group, will engage in creating possible scenarios based on whatever scraps of evidence they might obtain. They are theorising about criminal conspiracies, and this is useful and necessary. We do not call them "conspiracy theorists," however.

  • James - 2012-05-02 13:44

    Mr obama, i am proud of your achievements as a leader, terrorists are to eliminated, no negotiation at all. What you did with USMA BIN LADEN is a shining example for the world to follow, but mr Goodluck Jonathan is treating terrorists in Nigeria with kits gloves because the sponsors are PDP members as it has been alleged in the media recently. And PDP will as usual treat all their cases as family ones and that is why people continue to die as bomb blasts increases.

      Tandas - 2012-05-03 11:41

      Hi James.... Try Damlin... They might be able to help you...

  • Jacqui - 2012-05-02 14:46

    "We can see the light of a new day". Now go tell that to the Iraqis, while the Taliban is waiting for you to get out of Afghanistan.

      Tandas - 2012-05-03 11:44

      Someday... Maybe sooner than we think... We might not like what we see in the light of a new day...

  • Dylan Dario Sciarappa - 2012-05-02 15:03

    ' the tide has turned we have broken the talibans momentum ' what a blatant lie. The taliban are as strong as ever!!! It's disgusting. They are winding down these wars because they are onto there next invasion... Iran which is a stiffer proposition. Onto another unprovoked war!!!

      Fred - 2012-05-02 15:41

      It appears to be an unprovoked war because you believe the US attacked itself on 9/11. Al-Quaida is being decimated, and the Taliban is being weakened by the day. It will have to face 350,000 Afghan security forces, with the US behind these forces too. The Taliban is expected to abide by Afghan law, and allow Afghans the freedom to vote for the leaders they prefer. They will not be allowed to take control of Afghanistan for their drug-runners and oppress women and Afghans. You should be supporting these efforts, not undermining them.

      Dylan Dario Sciarappa - 2012-05-02 17:35

      Fred, Iran have not attacked anyone for 300 years!!!! The us and Israel have no legitimate reason to invade them. Don't be stupid and fall for the exact same story as the one they gave you over Iraq !!!

      Fred - 2012-05-02 19:52

      The International Automic Energy Agency is in charge of uncovering exactly what the Iranian regime, distinct from "Iran" (there's a difference: the Iranian regime adjusts elections to hold onto power) is doing. At this point in time, the regime is hiding two nuclear facilities from the inspectors. Saddam had WMD's. He used them against his own people. I don't agree with the invasion of Iraq. I'm glad Saddam and his cruel sons are gone though.

      Fred - 2012-05-02 20:42

      Patrick, Saddam Hussein used them to gas thousands of Kurds in Northern Iraq. Are you not aware of this?

      Fred - 2012-05-02 21:44

      Can you fathom the cruelty of this, the inhumanity?

      fred.fraser.12 - 2012-05-03 17:58

      Ten years ago, not one Afghan girl was in school. This is Taliban policy. Today two million are. Imagine that. Just for this it's been worth it.

  • Jameel - 2012-05-04 08:48

    If Osama was the head of Al-Qaida how many body guards OR security personal would he have had. Where was the fight where is the there bodies or did the flee when the soldiers approached.And why would you disperse the body of the most wanted man ever into the see, he was supposed to be you most prized...

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