Health authorities around the world are grappling with an outbreak of a new coronavirus, which originated in the Chinese city of Wuhan.At least 81 people have died in China and almost 3 000 have been infected worldwide.Here is what you need to know:What is a coronavirus?Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).They circulate in animals and some can be transmitted between animals and humans. There are several known coronaviruses circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.The new coronavirus has been named novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). It is the seventh coronavirus known to affect humans.First clinical studies find coronavirus closely resembles SARS - but there are also important differences | @Health24com https://t.co/h00RvspwRk pic.twitter.com/2tgCD10sA3— News24 (@News24) January 27, 2020What are the symptoms?Common signs of infection include fever, coughing and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases infection can cause pneumonia, SARS, kidney failure and death.The incubation period of the new coronavirus is thought to be between one and 14 days. The virus is contagious before symptoms appear.How many people are affected?Eighty-one people have died in China and 2 744 have been infected, according to official figures and state media (this number rises sporadically).Elsewhere, cases have been confirmed in Australia, France, Japan, Malaysia, Nepal, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, the United States and Vietnam.WATCH | 'Nobody can leave': trapped Wuhan residents stock upCanada has also reported one "presumptive confirmed case". Where did it come from?China alerted WHO to several cases of pneumonia in Wuhan on December 31.The new coronavirus is thought to have originated in a seafood market, where wildlife was also sold illegally.READ | 'Prayer really helped me a lot' - SA man describes leaving Wuhan as coronavirus spreadsScientists comparing the genetic sequences of the new coronavirus with those of other known coronaviruses have suggested that it likely originated in snakes.Should I be worried? And what can I do to protect myself?WHO has acknowledged that the virus is an emergency in China but said on January 23 that it was too early to declare it a public health emergency of international concern. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the agency's chief, has arrived in Beijing to meet government and health officials.Follow local guidelines on measures to keep safe.Hong Kong protesters set planned quarantine building on fire amid coronavirus concerns | @BISouthAfrica https://t.co/IRpmP3RlKw pic.twitter.com/NpFBh14WSJ— News24 (@News24) January 27, 2020WHO recommends basic hand hygiene such as washing your hands with soap and water, and making sure to cover your mouth with your elbow when sneezing or coughing.Avoid unnecessary, unprotected contact with animals and be sure to thoroughly wash your hands after contact with one. Make sure any meat you consume is cooked thoroughly.