German region scraps death penalty, fixing legal quirk

2018-11-02 06:04

The western German state of Hesse has voted to finally scrap the death penalty, referendum results showed on Thursday, fixing a historical oddity given that the punishment has been illegal for nearly 70 years.

Results from a Sunday referendum showed that 83.2 percent of voters in Hesse, home to finance hub Frankfurt, were in favour of changing the state constitution written in 1946 that allowed capital punishment.

Just three years later Germany's new post-war constitution, known as the "Basic Law of 1949" and which overrides state laws, would abolish the death penalty.

But Hesse never formally amended its local legal code, leaving it the last German state where capital punishment was still on the books.

Between 1946 and 1949 Hessian courts twice handed down death sentences, according to regional news site Hessenschau, although both were converted to prison terms.

The first accused was a man convicted of murdering his wife.

The other was Nazi doctor Hans-Bodo Gorgass, found guilty of killing at least 1000 people as part of Hitler's "euthanasia" programme.

Hesse now has "a modern constitution adapted to the realities of the 21st century," said state premier Volkier Bouffier, a close ally of Chancellor Angela Merkel.

The referendum in Hesse coincided with a regional vote that rocked the country the next day, when Merkel reacted to heavy losses for her centre-right CDU by announcing she would step down as party leader in December.

She added that she intends to stay on as chancellor until her term ends in 2021.

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