India set to count votes after marathon general elections

2019-05-23 05:09
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. (Saurabh Das, AP, file)

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. (Saurabh Das, AP, file)

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

India will count votes on Thursday after the seven-phase elections drew to a close on May 19, with incumbent Prime Minister Narendra Modi tipped to win a second term in office.

More than 67 percent of the 900 million eligible voters cast their ballot in the mammoth elections spread over six weeks, recording the highest ever voter turnout in the country's independent history.

Exit polls have predicted a clear majority for Modi in the 545-member Lok Sabha, the lower house of parliament. 190513091851774

Elections were held for 542 constituencies, as polls in southern constituency of Vellore were rescinded. Two seats are nominated by the president.

The party or coalition with a simple majority (272 seats) is invited to form the government. The MPs from the winning party or coalition elect their leader, who then becomes the country's prime minister.

With results of the world's largest election barely hours hours away, the big question on everybody's mind is: can Modi and the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) beat anti-incumbency and form a second consecutive government?

Activists and many senior editors fear another term for Modi will boost hardline Hindu groups, who have been accused of increasing attacks on minorities, particularly Muslims, in the past five years.

"It's is a battle between those who believe in a majoritarian nationalism based on Hindi, Hindu, upper caste and vegetarian sentiments and those who believe in a contractual nationalism which is based on the promise of accommodating the diversity of the peoples of the country," Vinod K Jose, the Editor of The Caravan magazine, told Al Jazeera.

Observers believe that the opposition, with the Congress in the lead along with an array of powerful regional parties, can have a shot at power only if the BJP loses in the northern Hindi speaking states.

In the bellwether state of Uttar Pradesh, regional heavyweights Samajwadi Party (SP) and the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) pose the biggest challenge to the BJP, which won 71 out of 80 seats in 2014 parliamentary elections.

190423115918201 The party swept to power on the back of a 'Modi wave' in 2014 winning 282 of the 543 seats in parliament and forming the most powerful central government in decades.

If exit polls are to be believed, the BJP and the coalition it leads, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), will return to power with a thumping majority.

Buoyed by the survey predictions, Prime Minister Modi and his party chief Amit Shah have already started planning the course of the next government.

The BJP ran a presidential style campaign with Modi as its mascot similar to its 2014 campaign.

"These elections were unique as the campaign was people-driven and a strong public sentiment to re-elect the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given a huge push to the BJP's poll prospects," BJP spokesperson GVL Narasimha Rao told Al Jazeera.

Polarising narrative

The BJP appeared on the backfoot in the early days of the campaign as it was attacked on multiple fronts by a resurgent opposition led by the Congress and regional parties.

The opposition raised the issue of agrarian and rural distress and accused the government of creating the worst unemployment crisis in 45 years.

The Congress party leader Rahul Gandhi in particular made accusations of corruption in the purchase of French Rafale fighter jets.

190520083409952 Salman Soz of the Congress accused the BJP of running a divisive campaign.

"It was a campaign devoid of any discussion of issues on the part of the BJP because the PM doesn't want to talk about his record," Soz told Al Jazeera.

However, the BJP made a comeback following a surge in nationalist sentiment triggered by Indian air strikes inside Pakistan in retaliation to a suicide attack in Indian-administered Kashmir, and effectively turned its campaign into referendum on national security.

The 2019 elections saw the BJP returning to its core ideology of Hindu nationalism as it fielded Sadhvi Pragya Thakur as its candidate from the central Indian city of Bhopal.

Thakur is facing terror charges for plotting bomb attack on Muslims.

Even as the BJP prepares to take office, opposition parties have raised concerns over the conduct of the country's powerful electoral body during the long drawn elections. At least 22 opposition parties submitted a memorandum to the Election Commission on Tuesday demanding that the paper slips or Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) generated by the Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) be counted first. They fear that EVMs might have been manipulated.

Complaints of security breaches in the strong-rooms where EVMs have been stored have come in from different parts of the country and reportedly cast a shadow over these elections.

Additional reporting by Bilal Kuchay from New Delhi

 

Read more on:    narendra modi  |  india
NEXT ON NEWS24X

Join the conversation!

24.com encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.

Inside News24

 
Traffic Alerts
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Settings

Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.




Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.