Led by Sanders, Democrats vow to press Israel on Palestinian state

2019-10-30 05:26
Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders says he can lead a revolution. (Screen grab, AP)

Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders says he can lead a revolution. (Screen grab, AP)

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Democratic presidential contenders vowed on Monday to switch gears sharply from Donald Trump's hawkish embrace of Israel, pledging they would press for a peace settlement that leads to a Palestinian state.

Half a year after Democratic candidates all shunned the annual conference of Aipac, the historic pro-Israel lobby, five candidates came in person to deliver a peace message in the same Washington convention centre before J Street, a left-leaning group which argues that it is more in tune with American Jews.

READ | Bernie Sanders says he's raised $18.2m in 41 days

Senator Bernie Sanders, who rarely talks about his Jewish faith, explained how the murder of much of his father's family in the Holocaust shaped his progressive views.

"If there is any people on earth who understands the danger of racism and white nationalism, it is certainly the Jewish people," Sanders said to thunderous applause.

Rising from his seat on stage to give a campaign-style address, Sanders, who would be the first Jewish president, accused both Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of fomenting division.

"Let me underline this because it will be misunderstood - it is not anti-Semitism to say that the Netanyahu government has been racist. It is a fact," he said.

"We demand that the Israeli government sit down with the Palestinian people and negotiate an agreement that works for all parties," he said.

'Change your relationship'

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Sanders said his message to Israel would be: "If you want military aid, you are going to have to fundamentally change your relationship" with the Palestinians.

He called for some of the $3.8bn in annual military assistance to be turned into humanitarian aid for the Gaza Strip in a "radical intercession" for the packed, impoverished territory that has been under a blockade since it elected the Islamist movement Hamas in 2007.

"Who is going to deny that when youth unemployment is 60%, when people have no hope, when people cannot literally leave the region - who can think for a moment that you're not laying the groundwork for continued violence?" he said.

Trump, whose evangelical Christian base is staunchly pro-Israel, has taken a series of historic steps including recognising bitterly divided Jerusalem as Israel's capital.

The Trump administration has signalled support as Netanyahu - whose political future is unclear after two inconclusive elections - flirts with annexing parts of the West Bank.

Democratic frontrunners Joe Biden and Elizabeth Warren, both appearing before J Street in video messages rather than in person, said they would oppose any action that closes the door on a Palestinian state.

"If Israel's government continues with steps to formally annex the West Bank, the US should make clear that none of our aid should be used to support annexation," Warren said.

Warren said that she would reverse two key measures of Trump - by resuming aid to the UN refugee agency for Palestinians and allowing the Palestine Liberation Organization to unshutter its Washington office.

While not reversing course on the US embassy, she said she would reopen the US mission in east Jerusalem which would become an embassy if a peace deal creates a Palestinian state.

In line with the US Jewish community

Biden, who had uneasy relations with Netanyahu while vice president, said: "We can't be afraid to tell the truth to our closest friends."

"The two-state solution is the best, if not the only, way to secure a peaceful future for a Jewish, democratic state of Israel," Biden said.

In a scene unimaginable at Aipac, the mostly Jewish crowd gave a standing ovation to chief Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat as he stood on stage to the sounds of U2's Beautiful Day and said of creating a Palestinian state, "Let's not give up."

With some 4 000 people in attendance, J Street still had less than a quarter of the turnout of Aipac, which is itself non-partisan but this year drew a who's who of Republicans.

J Street president Jeremy Ben-Ami said he believed his organisation was more in line with the US Jewish community, which votes overwhelmingly Democratic.

"If you go to the Aipac conference and you're standing and cheering for Trump and Netanyahu - that is one approach.

"This is a conference where you stand up and you fight against what Trump and Netanyahu are seeking to do," he said.

Read more on:    bernie sanders  |  us  |  israel  |  middle east peace
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