Pot ballot drives in US cause tension

2016-10-29 21:19
Dried marijuana. (iStock)

Dried marijuana. (iStock)

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Portland - A handful of recreational marijuana legalisation drives has the medical pot industry bracing for something it never expected to deal with: competition.

Legalisation is on the ballot in five states this November and all five currently allow some form of medical marijuana already.

Growers, medical professionals and users of medical marijuana say they worry that people who want medical marijuana will buy it on the open market instead of going through the hassle of getting a doctor's recommendation.

Similar struggles

"This is being structured for big corporations to come in and in a very short period of time wipe out the caregivers," said Lori Libbey, a board director of a Maine group campaigning against legalisation and a nurse who administers cannabis. "I wonder who is going to be able to provide for pediatric patients."

But in Maine and the other states considering legalisation, others in the marijuana business are very much looking forward to the possibility of legalisation. And some proponents believe medical marijuana professionals just don't want to lose their monopoly.

Recreational legalisation measures are also on ballots in Arizona, California, Massachusetts and Nevada. Concerns from medical marijuana professionals have also cropped up in those states and they have echoed similar struggles in states that have already legalised recreational marijuana, such as Oregon and Colorado.

Competition in the marijuana market has become part of the landscape in Colorado, which saw nearly $1bn in sales of medical and recreational marijuana last year. The state went legal in 2012.

Paul Armentano, spokesperson for the leading marijuana legalisation group NORML, said some medical users and advocacy groups worry about potential corporatisation of marijuana as the market expands. Tension between medical and recreational marijuana supporters, he said, has already become an issue in California.

NORML is sensitive to the concerns of medical marijuana users, Armentano said, but also understands some of the consternation is about angst over free-market competition.

"There is a concern among individuals who largely have the marijuana market solely to themselves that the advent of broader legalisation will introduce competition into the existing market and that competition will pose a threat to their existing business model," he said.

Initiative passes

Some advocates of medical marijuana feel state regulations are the key to making sure medical marijuana survives in the age of legal pot.

In Massachusetts, the language has alarmed some critics who fear passage of the ballot question could compromise or perhaps even overrun the state's medical marijuana program, which has already been slowed by regulatory delays since Massachusetts voters authorised it in 2012.

Nichole Snow, executive director of the Massachusetts Patient Advocacy Alliance, said her group, which supports medical marijuana recipients, is neutral on the ballot question and uncertain of its potential impact.

"I hope there is still patient focus (if) this initiative passes," Snow said.

Americans for Safe Access, an organisation that advocates for legal access to medical cannabis, said recreational marijuana programs should be kept separate from medical marijuana.

The group sees potential "competing interests" between the two if they are comingled, said Beth Collins, a leader of the organisation. The group also sees potential harm from the possibility corporatisation of marijuana, Collins said.

"On the negative side, big business may try to impose regulations to keep other players out, which could lead to fewer products," she said. "The best medical cannabis programs allow for both large and small businesses along with access via patient or caregiver cultivation."

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