Sweeping US sanctions on Iran target leaders, oil and trade

2019-09-19 18:27
Iranian leader Hassan Rouhani and US President Donald Trump

Iranian leader Hassan Rouhani and US President Donald Trump (Michael Gruber/Getty Images; Olivier Douliery-Pool)

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

Ongoing US sanctions on Iran target Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and the Islamic republic's top brass, while also seeking to choke trade in a variety of goods from oil to carpets.

US President Donald Trump on Wednesday promised details of new sanctions within 48 hours in response to a missile or drone attack on Saudi oil facilities that Riyadh has blamed on Iran.

READ | Trump says 'many options' on Iran response

New sanctions imposed in June built on a series of previous ones.

In addition to Khamenei, the sanctions target eight senior commanders of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC).

The US also blacklisted Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, whose US assets were frozen on August 1.

Banking

Last November, six months after Trump withdrew from the nuclear deal with Iran, the US took aim at its oil exports and financial transactions.

READ | Pompeo heads to Saudi Arabia after US blames Iran for attacks

Specific actions targeted Iran's banking, shipping and energy sectors, threatening penalties against companies, even those of US allies in Europe and elsewhere, that do business with them.

In May, in a bid to further choke off oil exports, Iran's top foreign exchange earner, the US lifted exemptions granted to eight countries, including Turkey and India, allowing them to purchase Iranian oil.

As a result, exports fell from two million barrels a day in early 2018 to 400 000 in July this year.

The sanctions last year brought back punitive measures that were imposed and then lifted by former president Barack Obama, who reached an international agreement under which Iran moved to end its nuclear programme.

On August 7, 2018, the first sanctions lifted under the 2015 nuclear deal came into force, banning:

- The Iranian government's purchases of dollars, or the international buying and selling of significant sums of rials, Iran's currency under pressure

- Purchases of Iranian treasury bonds

- Trade in gold or other precious metals, aluminium, steel, carbon or graphite

- Automobile and commercial aviation trade

- US imports of Iranian carpets or foodstuffs

Under the sanctions, any foreign institution that does business with Iran's central bank or other banks in the country loses access to the US financial system.

The risks for foreign banks are high in a globalised economy in which the dollar remains the dominant currency.

The US has also sought to cut off Iranian access to SWIFT, the international system of interbank transfers.

Read more on:    us  |  iran
NEXT ON NEWS24X

Inside News24

 
/News
Traffic Alerts
Traffic
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.