Washington - A fatigued Wal-Mart truck driver failed to slow down despite a warning and was responsible for a highway crash last year that severely injured comedian Tracy Morgan and killed another comedian, the National Transportation Safety Board said on Tuesday.
However, the board also said the failure of Morgan and other passengers riding in a limousine-van to wear seatbelts and adjusted headrests contributed to the severity of injuries when the limo was struck by the truck.
The safety board has long raised concerns about operator fatigue leading to accidents across all modes of transportation, from airline pilots to train engineers.
Investigators said that the driver, Kevin Roper could have prevented the 7 June 2014 crash if he had slowed to 72km/h, the posted speed limit for the construction work zone on the New Jersey Turnpike where the crash occurred.
Investigators have said the truck was travelling at 105km/h and that it was slow to react to a sign lowering the speed limit to 72km/h in a construction zone. They also have said the truck was travelling at a rate of speed of 75 to 85km/h when it hit the limousine.
Federal accident investigators had said during the hearing that the turnpike crash raised significant safety issues involving driver fatigue and truck safety.
Roper had been awake for the previous 28 hours, board investigators told the meeting, which was aimed at determining the cause of crash and making safety recommendations.
They said that Roper could have prevented the crash if he had slowed to 72km/h.
They said, the truck struck the rear of the limo at a higher speed, starting a chain reaction crash that affected 21 people in six vehicles.
Roper had driven more than 1 300kms from Georgia to a Wal-Mart distribution centre in Delaware to pick up a load before starting the trip. He had worked for Wal-Mart for 15 weeks and had had nine "critical event reports," causing him to lose his safety bonus, investigators said.
Critical event reports, which are generated by a truck's computers and downloaded by Wal-Mart, record things like hard-braking, activation of the vehicle's stability control system or other events that might indicate unsafe driving.
Comedian James "Jimmy Mack" McNair, a mentor of Morgan's, was killed. Morgan suffered head trauma, a broken leg and broken ribs, and was in a coma for two weeks. Three other passengers in the limo suffered serious injuries.
Morgan, a former Saturday Night Live and 30 Rock star, and the others were returning from a show in Delaware.
Roper was charged with death by auto and four counts of assault by auto in state court in New Jersey. He has pleaded not guilty. His attorney did not respond immediately to a request for comment.
The criminal complaint alleged Roper operated the truck "without having slept for a period in excess of 24 hours resulting in a motor vehicle accident". A person can be charged with assault by auto if he or she causes injury after knowingly operating a vehicle after being awake for more than 24 hours under New Jersey law.
In May, Morgan and two friends injured in the crash settled a lawsuit against Wal-Mart for an undisclosed amount. The company settled a wrongful death claim filed by McNair's children for $10m, according to court papers.
Using a cane, Morgan made his first public appearance this June on NBC television's Today show and said he hoped to resume his career but that he wasn't 100 percent healed. He hasn't performed since the accident.