Cape Town – Netflix will cut down on showing characters smoking in series following complaints and has agreed to limit showing tobacco use in especially younger-skewing programmes, except for "reasons of historical or factual accuracy".
Putting cigarettes back in puffing characters' hands was one of the things the global video streaming did to show how its programming is edgy and how its service is different from traditional broadcast television and not tied to conventional rules and regulations around television.
Netflix programming sold through international distributors to other channels "exported" smoking back onto South African screens, for instance 233 tobacco depictions in the 6th season of Orange is the New Black seen on M-Net (DStv 101) and 54 tobacco depictions in the 6th season of House of Cards that was also on M-Net and with the series that has also now been acquired by SABC3.
Netflix will now cut down on showing smoking, especially in TV shows for viewers younger than 14 and films rated PG13 and below.
It comes after the anti-smoking group Truth Initiative in America released a scathing report, noting that depictions of tobacco in the most popular American TV shows under younger viewers have increased nearly 400% over the past year with the second season of Netflix's Stranger Things that just released its third season this week, being the worst offender.
92% of TV shows across broadcast, cable and streaming that are most popular with young people feature tobacco prominently. That’s a 16% increase since our report last year and it's likely putting those young people at greater risk of becoming smokers. https://t.co/IAArBKDQMG— Truth Initiative (@truthinitiative) July 3, 2019
According to the Truth Initiative, the second season of
Stranger Things contained 262 instances of tobacco use, an increase of 44% over
the first season, while other Netflix shows aimed at viewers in the 15 to 24
age demographic also featured significant spikes in tobacco depictions across
recent seasons, including actual smoking and the appearance of tobacco
Robin Koval, Truth initiative president in a statement, said "Content has become the new tobacco commercial. We're seeing a pervasive reemergence of smoking imagery across screens that is glamorising and re-normalising a deadly addiction and putting young people squarely in the crosshairs of the tobacco industry".
Netflix in a statement said that going forward, new shows, including ones with higher age restrictions, will not depict smoking or e-cigarette use "unless it's essential to the creative vision of the artist or because it's character-defining (historically or culturally important)".
"Netflix strongly supports artistic expression. We also recognise that smoking is harmful, and when portrayed positively on screen can adversely influence young people."