An unknown artist's depiction of the attack on Captain Tack at Kartasura by Suropati in 1684, under Susuhunan Amangkurat, (1900–50.) Stichting Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen.
Soon afterwards, in 1948, the Afrikaner government, mostly descendents of the Dutch colonisers formalised violence toward black people. They called it apartheid: a system that legalised institutional racism, deliberately working toward the upliftment of white people, Afrikaners in particular, at the violent cost of black lives.
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