‘Mkhwebane has gone too far’ – Banking association, Reserve Bank

Public Protector Busisiwe Mkhwebane (City Press)
Public Protector Busisiwe Mkhwebane (City Press)

The Banking Association of South Africa (Basa) has condemned Public Protector Busisiwe Mkhwebane’s recommendation that the Constitution be changed regarding the Reserve Bank’s mandate to “protect the value of the rand”.

This comes after the findings of a report into the alleged failure to recover R1.125 billion in “misappropriated funds” in the Bankorp lifeboat investigation.

Mkhwebane released the report on Monday, in which she requested Absa to pay back the money, after the bank bought Bankorp in the 1990s after acquiring a loan from the Reserve Bank.

Absa contests that they should not be liable for paying, as they had met all their obligations “in respect of the loan provided by the South African Reserve Bank by October 1995”.

In a three-page explanation, Absa released a statement today explaining the process of acquiring Bankorp in 1992.

“Absa was only formed in 1991, and only bought Bankorp in 1992, while the Bankorp agreement with SARB began in 1985.

"When Absa acquired Bankorp in 1992 the assistance program was already in place,” Absa said.

The assistance programme refers to the initial purchasing of Bankorp by Absa as a result of a “bailout”, after Bankorp went through a period of financial failure.

As a result of the bailout by Absa, customer debt-write offs occurred after the loan from the SA Reserve Bank.

“This price was set at R1.23bn and Absa paid it in full to the shareholders of Bankorp. This is why Absa cannot be expected to pay again,” the bank said.

Basa said today that Mkhwebane has “erred” in her comments about the Constitutional mandate of “the Reserve Bank and its relationship with National Treasury”.

“It is not the role of the Public Protector to pronounce on these matters.

"In her eagerness to demonstrate her independence and bare her teeth, she has gone too far,” Basa’s managing director Cas Coovadia said.

The Reserve Bank has called Mkhwebane’s comments and recommendations “unlawful”, saying that her recommendation for a constitutional amendment “falls outside her powers”.

“The Reserve Bank has been advised to bring urgent review proceedings to have the remedial action set aside. The Reserve Bank has resolved to do so,” the Reserve Bank said today.

Former Reserve Bank governor Tito Mboweni also weighed in on the issue, writing on Facebook:

“When we negotiated our Sovereign Constitution‚ we entered into a covenant about the independence of the SA Reserve Bank.

"Its central objective was a long drawn negotiation process. It is unwise to try and change this at the slightest political provocation.

"It is a very serious matter for our beloved country.”

Mboweni said the impact of any proposed changes were huge for our country.

“In any case‚ one requires a huge majority in Parliament to effect the suggested Constitutional changes which no party in Parliament currently commands.”

He suggested that all political parties should carefully discuss the ramifications of the Mkhwebane’s recommendation.

He also said he would comment on Mkhwebane’s report “in due time”.

“I don’t think that the PP’s report was meant to fuel political issues in this year of schizophrenic political tensions. She was just doing her job within the available capabilities. Stay calm. No heroics needed,” he wrote.

Here is Mboweni’s full Facebook post:


1) I am away on business, currently in London but on my way to Zurich and New York.

As such, I have not seen the report of the PP on the allegations regarding the so-called bailout of ABSA and the role of the South African Reserve Bank.

2) I have read all the media reports but feeling disadvantaged by not having the report in my hands.

I should find the report on the website of the PP. Looking for it as I write these notes. Thanks to today’s technologies.

3) For the record, I was Governor of the SA Reserve Bank from 1999-2009. I hope that I served in that position fairly and professionally.

So I think but some amongst us might have a different view. That is normal in a democracy. I have absolutely no problem or issues with that.

4) Some amongst us might recall that when Julius Caesar was assasinated by his close confidantes, Mark Anthony stood up and said something like:

“I come here to bury Caesar and not to praise him. He was my friend faithfull and just to me”.

Towards the end of the tragedy, he, Mark Anthony said something like this:

”Cry Havoc, Let slip the dogs of War”.

As a result, civil war broke out and Brutus and his co-conspirators were chased away and annihilated.

‘Cry Havoc, Let slip the Dogs of War’! Let not the Dogs of War be unleashed upon our beloved and beautiful country. God forbid!!

5) So, here we are confronted by the PP report on the so-called ABSA “gift” by the SA Reserve Bank.

6) The facts:

6.1) The ANC waged an extremely successful campaign for financial sanctions against the Apartheid regime. By 1985, the regime had to declare a DEBT STANDSTILL.

A very critical successful milestone. I personally participated in the campaign. I wish somebody had told me that the burden to deal with the consequences would one day fall on my shoulders.

But as a cadre of the Movement, I took on the task.

6.2) Somewhere in 1998, a British bounty hunter came to us to say that there was a debt that the “boers” had to repay the new South Africa.

HallelujaH! He produced to us documents that showed that ABSA was liable to pay back about R1.5billion with interest over the years.

He in return would receive 10% as a fee for helping us retrieve these “stolen” monies.

He came from an organization called CIEX based in London.

He was a former agent of the British Secret Service.

We were perplexed about why all of a sudden a former British secret service agent wanted to be of assistance to the democratic South Africa when in fact they, the British government had been friends with Apartheid South Africa.

We listened and he went on to prescribe to us, Africans, how this would be done. We rejected his offer.

6.3) We agreed though that as soon as I became Governor of the SA Reserve Bank ( because that was in the plan ), I would institute an investigation into all these allegations.

6.4) As soon as I assumed the office of Governor of the SA Reserve Bank, I instituted an independent investigation headed by a Judge.

It comprised of a panel of highly qualified people in economics, finance, accounting and political complexities, black and white with international expertise.

Their report was also submitted to the PP. This report, it would seem, at reading the media reports, was ignored or might have been complex.

I do not want to be judgemental.

6.5) On the basis of that repoart, and its recommendations, the matter was concluded.

Yes, I must admit, that a different panel might have come to a different conclusion as these matters normally are the case.

But to cast negative judgement on their genuine professional work is both ingenious and unfair. It might be impugning on their professional standing in their professions, society and capabilities.

7) Central banks are very important and sensitive institutions.

One of their central tasks as central banks is to protect the stability of the banking and financial system of the economies in which they operate.

To fulfill this mandate, central banks have to assess the negative impact of bank failures. This is a huge responsibility which must be approached with extreme care.

Political considerations have to be considered, yes, but they must not be above all else.

That is why political authorities entrust this responsibility ( central banking ) to an independent institution, the central bank.

In a sense, the choice of who is Governor of a central bank is so key. Central Bank Governors are too powerful to be appointed Willy-Nilly!

The process of their appointment must be thought through carefully and SERIOUS.

8) When we negotiated our Sovereign Constitution, we entered into a COVENANT about the independence of the SA Reserve Bank. It’s central objective was a long drawn negotiation process.

It is unwise to try and change this at the slightest political provocation. It is a very serious matter for our beloved country.

Please think carefully about this. I hope the PP has consulted widely about her proposals in this regard. One cannot just take this for granted.

This is too fundamental to be treated this easily.

The impact of any proposed changes are huge for our country. In any case, one requires a huge majority in Parliament to effect the suggested Constitutional changes which no Party in Parliament currently commands.

9) My suggestion is that all Political Parties must carefully discuss the ramifications of the PP’s recommendation in this regard.

10) As for the BANKORP lender of Last Resort Facility, people must calm down and study all the documentation before expressing any views.

Bear in mind the fundamental need for banking and Financial Stability in our economy. I remain available to assist in the conversation if so requested.

MeanwhiLe, do not Let Slip the Dogs of War on us. Be calm, dear South Africans. We cannot afford to destabilize our banking and financial stability.

11) I will respond to the PP’s report in due time. I don’t think that the PP’s report was meant to fuel political issues in this year of schizophrenic political tensions.

She was just doing her job within the available capabilities. Stay calm. No heroics needed.

Kind regards


20 June 2017

The Royal Horseguards Hotel




PS: Sincere apologies for such a long posting which is contrary to my view about short postings on Facebook

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