Paying off debt requires a plan. Here's how to get started

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The debt crisis for everyone has become worse during the pandemic. Here's how you can slay the beast. Photo: iStock
The debt crisis for everyone has become worse during the pandemic. Here's how you can slay the beast. Photo: iStock

Money Makeover


When it comes to paying what you owe, there are several ways to address the challenge, but all these require a plan, writes Maya Fisher-French.


FOLLOW THE MONEY MAKEOVER JOURNEY

Follow six ordinary South Africans as they take up this year’s Absa/City Press Money Makeover Challenge and undergo a money makeover boot camp over the next six months. Each candidate has been allocated their own Absa financial adviser. The candidates will be required to complete certain financial tasks and to stick to the budgets set out for them.

Check out the dedicated money makeover hub here, and follow on social media @CPMoneyMakeover on Facebook and Twitter.


CREATING A DEBT PRIORITY PLAN

When you have multiple loans, the idea of tackling them may feel overwhelming. The best approach is the way we should take on any challenge – one bite at a time.

By initially targeting a single debt, you have an immediate sense of achievement and motivation to continue. Once your first debt is paid off, those funds can then be used to tackle the next one.

This is known as the snowball effect.

Once complaints investigator Audrey had worked with her husband Michael to consolidate and revise their household budget, the couple had surplus money to tackle their debts.

Her debt repayment plan started with her Mr Price store account, with the aim of settling it by the end of this month.

“I’m tackling this one first because the monthly instalment is between R900 and R1 000. The Woolworths credit card instalment is only R200, so if I settle the higher one first, I will have more money left over to settle the Woolworths credit card.”

READ: Meet the 2021 money makeover candidates

Once she has settled the Mr Price account, the money she is saving will allow her to settle the Woolworths credit card of R4 500 in full at the end of next month. So her next steps are to tackle her Woolworths and then her Truworths store cards.

“Then I will only have a Game store card, which I will settle in November when I get my thirteenth cheque.”

Like Audrey, control environmental officer and mother of two, Nocawe discovered that she and her husband had a budget surplus once they combined their finances to create a household budget.

Using this surplus, they have been able to settle their Game store card in full and increase the payment on their personal loan by R3 000.

Nocawe plans to have the loan fully paid off by October, using the pay-out from a stokvel as well as some funds from her thirteenth cheque.

BEWARE THE TRUE COST OF THOSE STORE CARDS

Single mum Maryke was shocked when her adviser Leighanne Decker asked her what the interest rate was on her store cards: “I had never actually looked [at that]. I couldn’t believe that it was 17.5%.”

Yet that was only part of the cost. When we analysed her Woolworths store card, she was paying R41 in account fees, R56 in interest and R19 in credit insurance. Of her R480 monthly instalment, R117 was going to fees and interest, leaving only R363 to pay the original capital.

“My mum always had store cards, so I thought that was something you just did. I am definitely going to close these once they are paid off.”

Maryke plans to pay off her Woolworths and Mr Price accounts by the end of September with the surplus after reviewing her budget.

READ: Success is not a big step in the future, it’s a small step taken right now

Decker says: “When we did the budget, there was R2 000 disappearing into ‘stuff’. We are using part of this to increase the minimum payments to R500 each so that Maryke is no longer just servicing the debt, but paying it off faster.”

WHEN DEBT CONSOLIDATION WORKS

Newlywed Stephan’s financial adviser Zettie Everson immediately identified that he and his wife could benefit from debt consolidation as they had several expensive loans.

They qualified for a single, lower interest loan. As the couple are under a lot of financial pressure, they extended the period of the loan to five years to give them some breathing space.

However, they are planning to pay it off far sooner than that. They are now saving R3 091 in repayments.

“With the savings, they can also pay off debt quickly. The first priority is to get out of debt so they can make ends meet monthly and focus on future savings,” says Everson.

The couple has also found a less expensive property to rent, giving them additional savings.

READ: Debt consolidation – To go ahead or not?

To consolidate debt, you need to have a reasonable credit score, so this is something you should do before you start to default.

PREPARE FOR THE BALLOON PAYMENT

Audrey needs to make provision for the balloon payment on her car, which is due in three years’ time. Too often, people are caught out by this unexpected payment that results in either having to sell the car or refinance it. By setting aside R2 500 a month for the next three years, she will have enough to settle the balloon payment and keep the car.

READ: Money Matters | Balloon payments, car finance, debt review questions answered

“I want to keep it as a second vehicle and a present for my daughter when she graduates in 2025,” she says.

DEBT DOMINOES FALL

By moving back home, 30-something Gugu freed up a substantial amount of her income to repay debt. Sticking to a tight budget and focusing on her debt-free goal, she settled her R20 000 personal loan in March and her student loan of R8 000 last month.

She has paid R10 000 into her credit card, which she expects to pay off entirely in the next two months.

“I have an extra R2 000 coming into my account since I paid my personal loan off. This goes towards my credit card payment. Once I pay that off, I will have an extra R1 500 in my budget,” says Gugu. She will then be in a strong position to start working on her next set of goals.

This demonstrates the power of taking control of your money and using it wisely. If you want to be debt-free, you just need a plan and the discipline to stick to it.

FOCUSING ON THE HOME LOAN

Breadwinner Lwandile has no short-term debt, but he would like to pay off his mortgage sooner.

As he has other financial needs at this stage, it is not his immediate priority. However, he will be looking into whether he qualifies for a better interest rate on the mortgage.

READ: What do you need to know about buying a house?

How to create a debt repayment plan

When it comes to paying off debt, most of us just feel overwhelmed. We think that the only solution is to have a lump sum that will settle our debts in one go.

Yet, as our contestants have already shown, what you really need is a plan and some discipline.

You don’t have to tackle all your debts at once – put a domino strategy in place and knock them over one by one.

In this example, we show you how to use R1 000 to pay off R50 000 in just 18 months.

Let’s assume you have multiple credit facilities and owe a total of R50 000.

  • Retail store account R3 000, current repayment R300 a month.
  • Clothing account R7 000, current repayment R500 a month.
  • Personal loan owing R10 000, current repayment R650 a month.
  • Bank credit card R30 000, current repayment R2 500 a month.

Rather than trying to incrementally increase the repayment amounts on each loan, target the smallest debt first by increasing that payment by R1 000.

If you can settle one debt quickly, it will give you the motivation to keep going and it will free up more cash to target the next debt.

Example:

January: Increase the retail store repayment by R1 000 to R1 300. Paid off by March.

April: Take the R1 300 you used for the retail store account and add it to the clothing account to increase your repayments to R1 800. Paid off by July.

August: Take the R1 800 from the clothing account and increase your personal loan repayments to R2 450. Paid off by November.

December: Take the R2 450 from your personal loan repayments and hit that credit card with R4 950 a month. Paid off by June.

So you have just paid off R50 000 worth of debt with just R1 000 out of your budget in 18 months.

If you receive a bonus at work or some extra cash, you can pay off the debt even faster.

IMPORTANT:

Remember, this only works if you close down the credit facilities as you pay them off, otherwise you will just go back into debt.

You also need to follow a dual strategy of building up an emergency fund so that you have some savings for emergencies.

This will stop you from taking out credit again to cover unexpected costs.


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Maya Fisher-French 

Personal Finance Editor

+27 11 713 9001
personalfinance@citypress.co.za
www.citypress.co.za
69 Kingsway Rd, Auckland Park


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