EFF supporters at a rally. (File, Gallo Images)
LEADER: Julius Malema
OTHER SIGNIFICANT FIGURES: Floyd Shivambu, Mbuyiseni Ndlozi, Dali Mpofu, Godrich Gardee, Hlengiwe Hlophe-Maxon, Magdalene Moonsamy.
PREVIOUS ELECTION RESULTS: The party secured 6.35% of the vote in the 2014 national elections, and won 25 seats in the National Assembly.
WHAT’S ON OFFER:
Our land and jobs now – stemming from landlessness and joblessness among black South Africans, the EFF’s election slogan makes it clear what it wants to focus on should it be voted into power.
A borderless Africa – while many of the main political parties are concerned about border control and the impact of undocumented citizens in South Africa, the EFF strives to create a borderless Africa with one currency. It believes borders are not an African creation, and has called for a united continent.
Expropriation of land – the party advocates for land expropriation without compensation, and the equal redistribution of land. It has called for Section 25 of the Constitution to be amended and aims to end foreign ownership of land. It will also create a “people’s council”, focusing on all policy matters around the land issue.
Industrialisation for job creation – for the EFF, the key to overcoming unemployment lies in building sustainable industries. It has promised to focus on industrialisation with export capacity and wants to establish special economic zones for companies. These zones would have special benefits, including tax incentives and factory-building allowances if companies employ and sustain at least 2 000 jobs.
Nationalise without compromise – the EFF is a firm believer in nationalising sectors of the economy like mines, banks, game reserves and telecommunications. It aims to introduce a South African Reserve Bank Bill, which will halt private ownership of the central bank and create a state mining company that will make the state a central player in the management of South Africa’s mineral wealth. It also hopes to have all mines nationalised by 2023, and wants to allocate key shares in South Africa’s mineral resources to a sovereign wealth fund.
Read more about the EFF here
GOING INTO ELECTIONS:
- The EFF is a relatively young party, having been formed in 2013. Despite this, it has risen to become the third largest party in South Africa. Its impact on the country is hard to ignore and it is well known for putting pressure on the ruling party to perform. The party, however, has never been in government, so it’s hard to tell what a province or country run by the EFF would look like.
- Achieving 6.35% of the vote in its very first election in 2014, most polls show some level of growth for the red berets in 2019.
- The party has displayed hostility and used intimidation tactics against the media, which has led to concerns about how it would impact on a free media if in power.
- The party has not been without its own corruption scandals. Top EFF leaders have been implicated in controversies such as the VBS “bank heist”, as well as Malema’s links to controversial businessman Adriano Mazzotti. Despite this, stamping out corruption is high on the party’s agenda.
- Its stance on coalitions with other parties leaves much to be desired, from no interest in working with the DA to having working partnerships with the party; from not availing itself for coalition talks with the ANC, to Malema now saying they are open to it.
Find everything you need to know about the 2019 National and Provincial Government Elections at our News24 Elections site, including the latest news and detailed, interactive maps for how South Africa has voted over the past 3 elections.