Supplementary Budget 2020

WATCH: Mboweni faces double challenge as SA's 5th finance chief in 3 years

President Cyril Ramaphosa appointed former SA Reserve Bank Governor Tito Mboweni as his finance minister on Tuesday, replacing Nhlanhla Nene, who lied about his meetings with three businessmen accused of plundering state funds.

Mboweni, the nation’s fifth finance chief in less than three years, will have to oversee an economy that’s fallen into recession and help Ramaphosa rebuild confidence battered by almost nine years of mismanagement under former President Jacob Zuma. He must also reassure investors and credit-rating companies of credible plans to stabilise debt and revive growth in the mid-term budget on October 24.

“Its a good appointment, especially if you want to appease the markets,” said Mcebisi Ndletyana, a political science professor at the University of Johannesburg. “There will be unpopular decisions to be made. He is the kind of person who will be able to take those decisions. He will strengthen Ramaphosa’s hand in cabinet.”

Mboweni, who trained as an economist, served as head of the SARB for a decade until 2009 and for four years as labour minister in former President Nelson Mandela’s cabinet. His major achievement at the central bank was building the nation’s foreign-exchange reserves to almost $40bn from less than $10bn.

The rand gained 0.9% to R14.7178 per dollar by 17:25 in Johannesburg, reversing an earlier decline of as much as 1.4%. Yields on benchmark 2026 government bonds fell eight basis points to 9.21%.

Mboweni’s career

After leaving the Reserve Bank, Mboweni went into business, acting as an adviser in South Africa for Goldman Sachs Group and served as chairperson of AngloGold Ashanti and on the boards of other companies.

Mboweni is a member of the African National Congress’s National Executive Committee, one of the ruling party’s highest decision-making bodies. He featured on a list of candidates for the panel that backed Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma for the position of party leader in December - a post won by Ramaphosa.

Mboweni track record

Nene’s fall from grace came after he admitted to an anti-graft inquiry that he met members of the Gupta family at their home six times, contradicting statements in an earlier interview that he only encountered them at public events. Ramaphosa said Nene tendered his resignation on Tuesday morning and he had accepted it in the interests of good governance.

Error of judgement

“Mr Nene served the people and government of South Africa with diligence and ability,” Ramaphosa told reporters in Cape Town. “It is a measure of his character and his commitment to the national interest that he has taken this decision to resign in the wake of errors of judgement, even though he has not been implicated in acts of wrongdoing.”

The three Gupta brothers, who are friends of Zuma and in business with his son, were implicated by the former anti-graft ombudsman in influencing government appointments and the award of state contracts - allegations they and Zuma deny.

This was Nene’s second stint as finance minister. Nene said during his testimony to the inquiry he was fired in December 2015 for refusing to agree to Zuma’s plans to spend billions of dollars on new nuclear plants.

Zuma’s downfall

The ANC forced Zuma to quit as president in February, clearing the way for his 65-year-old deputy and party leader Ramaphosa to take over. Ramaphosa has said combating graft is one of his top priorities, and he’s replaced a number of other officials implicated in wrongdoing.

“Ramaphosa has sought to act swiftly to calm market jitters and demonstrate his ability to act on questionable conduct in his cabinet,” Abdul Waheed Patel, the managing director of Cape Town-based Ethicore Political Consulting, said by phone.

“This averts a potential crisis in the political leadership of the National Treasury. Ideologically and in terms of macro-economic policy thinking, President Ramaphosa may have appointed the finance minister he always desired in his cabinet.”

* Visit Fin24's 2018 mini budget hub for all the news, views and analysis.

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