- Zimbabwe's economy is plagued with annual inflation of 241% and chronic foreign-currency shortages.
- President Emmerson Mnangagwa says fixing the economy will be a fight, targeted at the financial services sector.
- The International Monetary Fund revised its growth forecast for the country down from 4.2% to 3.1%.
Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa says the "fight is still on" to fix the broken economy, signaling out the financial industry for resisting the economic turnaround efforts.
"We now know whom we are fighting and who is behind them," Mnangagwa said on Saturday in an interview with state-owned Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation. "This helps us to bring about the correct instruments to deal with the financial services sector for it to serve this country and not to serve foreign interests." He provided no further details.
The government has accused domestic banks, telecommunications operators and other businesses of making excessive profits off the hard currency it makes available at auctions.
The Zimbabwe dollar now trades at 84 to the US dollar after
being pegged at parity just two years ago. Many goods and services including
fuel are priced in US dollars or greenback equivalents, placing them out of the
reach of most Zimbabweans who earn local currency. Teachers who were paid a
minimum of $500 three years ago, now earn the equivalent of $213. The incomes
of most workers have also shrunk.
Action by the government to penalise the financial industry may hinder efforts by Finance Minister Mthuli Ncube, who went on a global investor roadshow this week to attract investment.
Mnangagwa has previously issued warnings to private companies he blames for undermining his efforts to turn around an economy plagued by annual inflation of 241% and chronic foreign-currency shortages. The November budget projected that gross domestic product will expand 7.4% this year, a rebound from a 4.1% contraction in 2020 that was attributed to the coronavirus, associated lockdowns and a second successive year of drought. The International Monetary Fund expects 3.1% economic growth this year compared with an earlier forecast of 4.2% expansion.
Last year, his government closed the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange for five weeks and singled out the largest mobile operator, Econet Wireless Zimbabwe, for undermining the nation's currency through its mobile-money service. Econet denied the allegations.