- The Black Sash wants to overturn the R350 means test for the Social Relief of Distress grant.
- While 18.3 million people live below the poverty line, government plans to limit the number of grants to 10.5 million.
- Civil society is continuing its campaign for a basic income grant by April 2023.
Human rights advocacy group the Black Sash Trust has launched legal action against government to overturn regulations that exclude many poor people from accessing the R350 Social Relief of Distress (SRD) grant.
The latest iteration of the R350 grant, which was supposed to run from April to the end of March next year, put in place a means test of R350, meaning that anyone who has income above that level – even if it is support from a family member – is excluded from the grant. Previous versions of the grant did not require a means test.
In a statement on Thursday, the Black Sash – which is supported by several other civil society organisations – said it had approached the North Gauteng High Court in Pretoria to have the regulations set aside. The Black Sash will be represented by the Centre for Applied Legal Studies.
The civil society organisations argue that the means test is arbitrary and excludes large numbers of desperately poor people. SA's food poverty line – which is the amount of money needed to sustain an individual for a month – is R624 a month. According to Stats SA, 18.3 million people live below this line. By setting a means test, the government hopes to limit the number of people eligible for the grant to 10.5 million.
"There can be no justification for only 10.5 million people receiving the SRD grant," they said in a statement on Thursday
They are also challenging the exclusive online application system.
The decision by the Department of Social Development to implement a means test delayed the payment of grants for April and May. The first grants were paid last week, but beneficiaries did not receive back pay as promised by President Cyril Ramaphosa and Minister of Social Development Lindiwe Zulu.
The organisations – including the Institute for Economic Justice, the Centre for Applied Legal Studies, #Pay the Grants, SPI and Amandla.mobi – have waged a long-standing campaign for a universal basic income grant. Despite a positive engagement with Ramaphosa in January, government has failed to consult with civil organisations on a permanent grant.
The grant should come into effect immediately following the end of the SRD grant in March 2023, they say. It should be set at a minimum level of the food poverty line and rise over time to eliminate poverty.
The National Treasury is investigating the feasibility of an income grant.
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