International and local efforts to restrict funding for the construction of new coal-fired power plants appear to be gaining momentum, even possibly threatening the funding of the two new planned independent coal power producer projects in South Africa, Thabametsi and Khanyisa.
In the latest development, it has been reliably learned that last week Standard Bank advised the director general of the Department of Energy, Thabani Zulu, of the bank’s new policy position to stop funding the construction of any new coal-fired power plants, in line with new Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development country protocols.
The information was shared with EE publishers by persons with knowledge of the matter, who had not been authorised to speak to the media.
It is not clear at this time exactly how this will impact the funding by Standard Bank of construction of the Thabametsi and Khanyisa projects, which are currently included in the draft Integrated Resource Plan for electricity, IRP 2018, for completion in 2023 and 2024.
The Thabametsi 557 MW IPP, largely owned by Japan’s Marubeni and South Korea’s KEPCO, is to be built near Lephalale in the Limpopo province. The Khanyisa 306 MW IPP is to be sited near eMalahleni in Mpumalanga province, the biggest shareholder being Saudi-owned ACWA Power.
However, Standard Bank advised the developers of both Thabametsi and Khanyisa on Friday 21 September 2018 of its new corporate policy, and it is understood that further discussions and negotiations between the bank and the developers are ongoing at this time.
While Yousuf Haffajee, regional vice president of Marubeni Corporation, developer of the Thabametsi project, confirmed the meeting with Standard Bank on Friday last week, he added that: “I am unable to confirm or deny at this time whether Standard Bank will withdraw its financing”.
In response a request as to how its new corporate policy position would impact its planned financing of the two new coal IPP projects in South Africa, Standard Bank said: “With respect to any specific transactions, we cannot provide further comment, given the confidentiality obligations between the bank and its clients”.
This new policy position by Standard Bank to stop funding new coal power projects should not be viewed in isolation. On 25 September 2018, Standard Chartered Bank - a different bank from Standard Bank - announced it would cease providing financing for new coal-fired power plants anywhere in the world, in support of the Paris Agreement on climate change.
Standard Chartered Bank CEO Bill Winters said: “Recent developments in technology mean that alternative sources [of reliable power] are increasingly available to meet that need without the impact of coal-fired power on the environment”.
Financing of coal-fired plants has been added to Standard Chartered Bank’s prohibited activities list, which includes restrictions involving child and forced labour, trade in endangered wildlife, Arctic and tar-sands exploration, production and conversion or degradation of high-value forests and peatlands.
Earlier, Japanese giant power plant project developer Marubeni Corporation announced on 18 September 2018 that it too was in the process of pulling out of coal-fired power generation, and that as a general principle, except for ultra-supercritical (USC) steam generation technologies, Marubeni would no longer enter into any new coal-fired power generation business.
Marubeni did however indicate its proactive involvement and expansion in the renewable energy generation business, and that it would strive to expand the ratio of power generated by renewable energy sources in its own assets from approximately 10% to approximately 20% by 2023.
But finance is not the only challenge facing the two new coal IPPs that have been “hard-wired” into the draft IRP 2018 as a “policy adjustment”. According to the Centre for Environmental Rights, both Thabametsi and Khanyisa are mired in multiple legal challenges that in all likelihood will continue for years.
Credible high court challenges (reviews of the environmental authorisations) are underway, and atmospheric emission licences, water-use licences, and generation licences for both projects are either outstanding or being challenged.
While Standard Bank is not the only financier of the planned Thabametsi and Khanyisa IPP projects, the big fear by the Department of Energy and the developers is that if Standard Bank pulls its funding, the other South African banks, including Nedbank, ABSA and FirstRand may follow suit, putting both projects at further risk of ever reaching financial closure.