Migration costs Eastern Cape R13bn


The Eastern Cape needs to have a better plan and focus on economic development in different sectors to mitigate the loss of R13 billion in equitable share of government funding over the years as a result of migration, says Oscar Mabuyane.

Mabuyane, MEC for economic development, environmental affairs and tourism, also wants a better funding model.

Most of the people leave the province for Gauteng, Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, resulting in these provinces getting a bigger slice of the budget, to the detriment of the Eastern Cape.

In a recent interview with City Press, Mabuyane said the province urgently needed to deal with its huge infrastructure backlogs and make it difficult for its citizens to leave the province.

Eastern Cape MEC of finance Sakhumzi Somyo announced in his March budget speech that of the province’s R78.2 billion allocation, the departments of education and health would get the lion’s share of R34.7 billion and R23.7 billion, respectively.

'Make people feel at home'

“We must make our people feel at home. We must have an economic development programme that encourages people to stay in their rural homes, rather than leave for urban centres,” Mabuyane said.

“In the current dispensation, our people leave their homes to go places like Cape Town, even if they have to stay in shacks, to get some income. They take their kids away from the province.

“That is why the Eastern Cape has lost about R13 billion in the current equitable share. It is because of that migration. Our people leave the province and the funding formula from the national budget or public fiscus is about numbers in terms of the population,” Mabuyane said.

He said there were Eastern Cape footprints across the country because, in addition to the three provinces that gain from the province’s migration, there were people who also left for North West, Free State and Limpopo because of mining activities there.

“We are talking about ordinary people and even professionals. They always leave. We need to create greener pastures for our people here.

“At least those who leave must be people who cannot be absorbed into our economy as a province. It’s because those provinces can provide what we can’t [that make people leave],” he said.

Think strategically

Mabuyane – who is also MEC for the provincial treasury and the chairperson of the ANC in the Eastern Cape – said the province needed to think more strategically.

“We must think what else we can do other than the automobile sector. How we can explore more provincial capabilities in the agricultural sector, in agroprocessing and maritime or oceans economy, and in transport and logistics. We have a lot to offer. This is where we can look investigate and create jobs for our people,” he said.

Mabuyane said already the road network was being improved as a catalyst to economic development but that needed to be connected to other sectors to respond to the province’s challenges.

“The problem is that as a province we don’t have a plan. This is the situation that I am reading. We are one of those provinces that tops the list in terms of unemployment. That is a very serious time bomb. We need to do things differently from how we have been doing them. We need to put money into strategic things for development,” Mabuyane said.

He said the province used about 1.5% of its budget to focus on economic development, unlike KwaZulu-Natal and Gauteng, which allocated 2% or more.

“This tells us that as long as we are not creating money, making money available out of the small cake that we have, trying to have more money that can encourage economic opportunities, investing where we can invest, we are not going to go far,” Mabuyane said.


Tourism was one area that has not realised its full potential, even though it has many opportunities.

“Those are real issues that we need to have a serious dialogue about. We need to offer more solutions. There is room for improvement. We need to encourage more strategic thinking and innovation,” he said.

Mabuyane said the province had already raised the matter of the funding model – which was affecting the province’s equitable share – with national government.

“Already we had a discussion with the president about changing the funding formula. If it is not changed there should be special funding for provinces, such as the Eastern Cape, which loses people to other provinces because they offer more opportunities. We are always going to lose people and its worse now because fathers who work in other provinces take their wives and children,” said Mabuyane.

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