Members of Parliament in the National Assembly elected to pass the Competition Amendment Bill and refer it to the National Council of Provinces for concurrence during an afternoon plenary on Tuesday.
The bill seeks to close loopholes in the current Competition Act, and define contraventions and uncompetitive conduct by companies more explicitly.
The amendment bill also introduces means by which first-time offenders contravening competition laws can be punished.
The debate around the bill saw lively jostling, including a contentious references to dogs, and an Economic Freedom Fighters member being on the receiving end of "pay back the money" chants.
Among MPs, critics asked whether a government battling controversy over corruption could open markets.
'Flawed bill, flawed process'
African National Congress MP and chair of the portfolio committee on economic development Mmathulare Coleman said the bill would be effective in aligning competition monitoring mechanisms, strengthening authorities, and addressing the impact of anti-competitive conduct on SMEs.
There would be a new test for excessive pricing and benefits from historic state support. The concept of unfair pricing would also be introduced when dealing with suppliers and addressing big firms' practices when attempting to avoid giving business to smaller, transformed businesses, said Coleman.
However, Democratic Alliance MP and Michael Cordo said the bill gave authorities too much power and section 18 allowed the president too much freedom to set up a committee on whether mergers or acquisitions met vague national interest requirements.
"This is a flawed bill from a flawed process that will allow a flawed institution, namely the Competition Commission, to run roughshod over markets.
"Economic inclusion is about broadening the skills base and loosening regulations to create jobs, supporting businesses and paying them on time," said Cordo.
Cordo’s submission ruffled feathers in the National Assembly when he compared MPs in the economic development committee to lapdogs eager to please the department and President Cyril Ramaphosa.
He said by "rushing" the bill they had "urinated on Parliament to mollify the executive".
ANC Chief Whip Jackson Mthembu said comparing MPs to dogs was un-parliamentary and speaker for the session Lechesa Tsenoli urged Cordo to withdraw the remark.
A defiant Cordo withdrew, but immediately slipped in a rider saying "the chief whip’s bark is worse than his bite". ANC MP and Minister of Small Business Development insisted that Cordo’s withdrawal must be unconditional.
'Your turn to pay'
ANC MPs did not pass up the opportunity to deal EFF Chief Whip Floyd Shivambu the same treatment that his party dealt to former president Jacob Zuma when he took to the podium during the debate.
The MPs heckled Shivambu with "pay back the money" chants, likely a reference to him being implicated in a series of transactions which ultimately brought VBS Mutual Bank to ruins in a scandal that saw millions in municipal funds lost.
During his submission, Shivambu told members that "the four richest billionaires in SA have more wealth than half of the South African population". He said sectors such as pharmaceuticals, medical aid, banking, petroleum refinery, retail, pay television remained monopolised.
Inkatha Freedom Party MP Adriaan Esterhuizen told members that the Competition Amendment Bill was not clear enough on clauses that allowed government intervention when a merger or acquisition had implications for national security.
"The bill does not specify what constitutes a threat to national security, which can only enhance the political machinations behind any interventions into a merger or acquisition by the government. The rules around this should be clear and fair," said Esterhuizen.
National Freedom Party MP Nhlanhlakayise Khubisa said, "Price discrimination is another form of exclusion, much like what we found to be typical of the apartheid regime, and it needs to be addressed and combated decisively. We support the bill if it is to be implemented responsibly."
Freedom Front Plus MP Anton Alberts the South African economy was at a cliff and that too many intervention clauses, coupled with expropriation without compensation, would drive the economy over the edge.
Congress of the People MP Deidre Carter said South Africa could not rely on an unaccountable, inept and corrupt government to open markets for ordinary South Africans.
Minister of Economic Development Ebrahim Patel said consultation on the bill was "a thorough and well-balanced process".
"SMEs are given special status. Larger firms that flout competition rules will face additional scrutiny when they are found to have perpetrated acts like price discrimination," said Patel.
The national security intervention clause for mergers and acquisitions are quite tepid compared to the same in other countries, Patel said.
The acceptance of the bill was put to a vote, which led to 83 votes no, 194 votes yes and no abstentions. The bill will be sent to the National Council of Provinces for concurrence.