Viceroy Research, a short-seller that has targeted two South African companies this year, is profiting unethically from its reports and has escaped sanctions from local regulators because it is domiciled elsewhere, said Reserve Bank Governor Lesetja Kganyago.
Viceroy rose to prominence just over a year ago when it published research on Steinhoff International Holdings [JSE:SNH] soon after the global retailer reported accounting irregularities that triggered a share-price collapse.
That report detailed a number of third-party transactions that were used to inflate asset values – deals that are under investigation by auditors at PwC.
On Wednesday, it took aim at property firm NEPI Rockastle, prompting a one-day drop of 14%, some of which has been regained. Both Capitec and NEPI refuted the Viceroy’s reports as misleading, while regulators described Viceroy as “reckless” with the Capitec release.
“They generate a report and their disclaimer says that this is an educational report,” Kganyago said at a lunch with editors in Johannesburg on Thursday.
“So you go and take a position on a stock and then you ‘educate’ people about the stock and you can get away with it. They are a hit squad.”
Fraser Perring of Viceroy, who is based in London and New York, didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.
Viceroy is the subject of a market-manipulation investigation in Germany after its report on ProSiebenSat.1 Media SE caused a more than 8% decline in the stock.
A study released in July by Intellidex, a researcher with offices in Johannesburg, London and Boston, accused Viceroy of copying an analysis done on Steinhoff six months earlier by a money manager.
At the time, Viceroy said it receives data anonymously, which it then tests and includes in its research.
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