Stock markets slumped on Wednesday as data reinforced worries about a stuttering Chinese economy, helping haven investments including the yen to rally.
"As traders digested another round of disappointing figures from China, risk-off tones dominated," noted Jasper Lawler, head of research at London Capital Group.
"Stock markets... fell, while known havens the yen and gold climbed."
The euro slid to ¥124.40, the lowest level since June 2017. The dollar hit a seven-month low at ¥108.71.
With a number of potential banana skins dotting the next 12 months - including the China-US trade row and Brexit - markets are volatile across the board.
Stock markets on Wednesday extended a slump that saw global indices suffer their worst year in 2018 since the global financial crisis a decade ago.
Hong Kong's main stocks index led the losses on the first trading day of 2019, tumbling 2.8%, while Shanghai shed more than one percent after two indicators showed Chinese manufacturing activity shrank in December.
The readings were both around lows not seen since 2017 and are the latest to highlight problems in the world's number two economy as Beijing struggles with the US trade war while also trying to address a dangerously high debt mountain.
Asia's losses fed through into Europe, with the Paris CAC 40 stocks index the region's largest faller with a drop of 1.5% in early afternoon trading.
Investors were spooked also by the ongoing US government shutdown, which is now in its second week.
US President Donald Trump on Tuesday invited leaders from both parties to talks to end the standoff, but with Democrats refusing to pass any budget that would fund the president's Mexican border wall there is little optimism a deal can be made.
Also on the radar are trade talks between China and the US, which are set to begin this month, with Trump hailing "big progress" on the issue at the weekend.
The president and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping last month agreed to a 90-day halt in their painful tariffs spat so they could resolve their differences.
Immediate attention was also on the release Friday of US jobs data, which could provide fresh evidence of the state of the world's top economy.
A strong reading would put pressure on the Federal Reserve to continue to lift interest rates, a negative for stock markets, which were battered last year partly by concerns about the rising cost of borrowing.
Elsewhere, both main oil contracts retreated Wednesday to leave them wallowing around levels last touched in mid-2017, hit by lingering concerns about high supplies and weak demand.