Johannesburg - South Africa will face more fiscal difficulties and higher financing costs should state-owned companies’ debt continue rising and if the nation’s local debt is downgraded to junk, the International Monetary Fund said.
If state entities such as Eskom and South African Airways request more state support, the government will have to step in to help, removing fiscal space for “more socially useful activities,” Montfort Mlachila, the lender’s senior resident representative in the country, said on Thursday in an interview in Johannesburg.
“If the current fiscal problems are not addressed soon enough, it will obviously worsen the market sentiment and could increase the financing costs,” he said. “If nothing is done between now and the budget presentation in February, then things will become a lot more difficult on the fiscal front.”
Last month, the National Treasury almost halved its economic growth forecast for this year to 0.7% this year and said debt is predicted to rise. The deteriorating trajectory threatens to trigger a downgrade of South Africa’s rand-denominated securities to junk by S&P Global Ratings and Moody’s Investors Service. Fitch Ratings already assesses the local-currency debt as sub-investment grade.
South Africa projects a revenue shortfall of R50.8bn in the government’s fiscal year that ends in March, and sees public debt exceeding 60% of gross domestic product by 2021.
Despite the predicted widening fiscal gaps, Finance Minister Malusi Gigaba doesn’t want to “deviate irretrievably from the fiscal consolidation agenda,” he said in his medium-term budget presented on October 25.
The country hasn’t approached the IMF for help, Mlachila said. “If South Africa were to come to the IMF, we would obviously be ready to assist,” he said.
The sustainability of the nation’s debt will be at risk unless government presents a credible fiscal-consolidation plan in 2018, Moody’s said on October 30. The change in policy direction away from a focus on fiscal consolidation is faster than expected, Fitch said on October 26.
Moody’s assesses the nation’s foreign- and local-currency debt at one level above junk and is scheduled to make an announcement on November 24. S&P, which is also due to review its reading the same day, has South Africa’s rand debt at the lowest investment grade, and foreign securities at the highest junk level.
SUBSCRIBE FOR FREE UPDATE: Get Fin24's top morning business news and opinions in your inbox.