Interest rates increased by biggest margin since 2016

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Governor of the SA Reserve Bank Lesetja Kganyago (Photo by Gallo Images / Brenton Geach)
Governor of the SA Reserve Bank Lesetja Kganyago (Photo by Gallo Images / Brenton Geach)

The Reserve Bank's monetary policy committee has increased the repo rate by 50 basis points to 4.75%. This is the largest hike since January 2016.

Four members of the committee voted for the increase, while one voted for a 25 basis point hike.  

The prime rate increases to 8.25%. On a new home loan of R2 million at the prime rate, the monthly payment will increase by more than R600 following the rate hike.

The bank started hiking rates again in November 2021, after a pandemic low of 7% - compared to 10% in 2019.

The Reserve Bank was under pressure to hike rates as inflation in April hit 5.9% for the third time in five months. The bank targets an inflation rate of between 3% and 6%.

On Thursday, the bank hiked its forecast of headline inflation for this year - from 5.8% to 5.9%, primarily due to higher food and fuel prices. 

Fuel prices are 30% higher than a year ago. Due in part to oil boycotts against major producer Russia, following its invasion of Ukraine, oil prices have jumped to above $110 a barrel, from an average of around $70 last year.

Food prices have also surged as the fall-out from the Ukraine war disrupted supplies of staple grains and vegetable oil.

"Russia’s war in the Ukraine is likely to persist for the rest of this year and may have significant further effects on global prices," said Reserve Bank Governor Lesetja Kganyago.

Electricity and other administered prices continue to present short- and medium-term risks, he added.

On Thursday, the bank downgraded its expectation for South African economic growth this year - from 2.0% to 1.7%.

"This is due to a combination of short-term factors, including the flooding in Kwa-Zulu Natal and the continued electricity supply constraints.

"Two weeks ago, the US central bank hiked its interest rates by 50 basis points, its biggest increase in 22 years.

This added pressure to the Reserve Bank. If South African interest rates stay too low for too long, this will hit the rand. Traders will move to currencies that earn higher interest. A weaker rand adds to inflationary pressures, as South Africa depends on oil imports.

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