- Car prices reached record highs in 2021 because of chip shortages.
- Most car manufactures didn't have enough inventory, and this short supply pushed up new car prices.
- This year is unlikely to be different as supply growth is expected to be modest.
Last year's record-high car prices won't be dropping soon.
In December, the average price of a new vehicle in the U.S. hit $47 077 (about R724 000). This was up 14%, compared to 2020, and up 1.7% from the previous month, according to Kelley Blue Book.
The rise came as U.S. inflation ended 2021 at sizzling levels — a 39-year high of 7% — with gasoline topping the charts with a 49.6% price increase from the prior year.
The higher prices for autos, food, and apparel, among other things, reflect the pains of a reopening economy. Last year's surge in car prices came as component shortages hit automakers just when consumer demand was soaring.
"Lack of inventory was the big story in 2021," says Jonathan Smoke, Cox Automotive's chief economist. "Tight supply has created strong pricing power and record profits for automakers."
Expect this to continue into at least the first quarter, he says. "Even though we do see modest growth in supply in 2022, we do expect pricing power and profitability [for automakers] to remain favourable."
The Cost of Luxury
Luxury vehicles, in particular, contributed to the overall pricing gains. The average price of a luxury car in December hit $64 864 (just under R1 million), considerably higher than the $43,072 average price paid for a new non-luxury vehicle.
Last month luxury cars sold for a record-setting $1,300 or R20 000 more on average than their sticker price, while in December 2020, they sold for $3,000 less than the manufacturer's suggested retail price (MSRP).
Chip shortages, a surge in holiday spending, and the spread of the Covid-19 Omicron variant were the biggest factors in the disparity, analysts say. Affluent consumers were not discouraged.
"The luxury buyer has probably had a pretty good ride in the last couple of years," says Charlie Chesbrough, a senior economist for Cox Automotive.
"Their portfolio is probably doing well. Their income is probably doing well. That is the reason we are seeing such strength." Indeed, the global catastrophes of the past year have served to make the rich richer.
The trend will continue, Chesbrough says.
In December 2016, upscale vehicles sold by such brands as Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, and Porsche made up 15.5% of the U.S. market, according to KBB. Last month they accounted for 18.4%.
In 2012, 54% of new vehicles sold had an MSRP below $30,000, according to Cox Automotive. Today that percentage sits at 19% of the market; he says: "Where the market is moving to is much higher-priced categories."
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