Women have been disproportionately affected by the Covid-19 crisis and in SA, women's employment was particularly hard-hit by the initial lockdown. Women also experienced a slower recovery than men as the economy started reopening.
This is one of the findings of the "fourth wave" report by the National Income Dynamics Study - Coronavirus Rapid Mobile Survey (NIDS-CRAM), which was released on Wednesday. This latest report looks at the impact of Covid-19 on the economy and society.
The report also found that men are less able to work from home than women. Demographically, non-white race groups appear to have lower probabilities of working from home relative to white people. Those living in informal housing are less likely to work from home than those living in a house or flat.
There was a worsening in employment and transition outcomes in response to the second wave of Covid-19 infections and associated lockdowns compared to the first wave. The declines in employment were, however, small compared to the effects of the initial hard Covid-19 lockdown.
Other findings include that workers in urban areas have lower probabilities of working from home than those in rural areas and employees in formal jobs are less likely to work from home than those in informal jobs.
Workers in elementary occupations and plant and machine operations are more likely to be unable to work from home than managers and professionals. Workers in the mining sector, private households, the manufacturing sector and community, social and personal services are more likely to be unable to work from home compared to workers in financial intermediation.
The report suggests that interventions are needed to minimise the risk of vulnerable workers' exposure to Covid-19 in the workplace.