Hong Kong - Asian equities mostly rose on Wednesday but investors struggled to sustain any meaningful recovery after the previous day's battering, with the shadow of a potentially damaging China-US trade war hanging over markets.
Shanghai and Hong Kong took the brunt of the sell-off on Tuesday after Beijing warned it would retaliate in kind to Donald Trump's threat of tariffs on hundreds of billions of dollars worth of Chinese goods amounting to a large proportion of its exports to the US.
The standoff follows weeks of fruitless talks between the world's two biggest economies, with the White House accusing China of a string of unfair practices including cyber-theft and forced technology transfers that are hurting American jobs and companies.
Tuesday's developments also surprised many traders who had characterised Trump's protectionist rhetoric to be part of a strategy to get a better deal with China.
Trump senior economic aide Peter Navarro continued the forceful language on Tuesday by saying China had more to lose from a trade war as it shipped more to the US.
He also maintained the administration was acting "to defend the crown jewels of American technology from China's aggressive behaviour".
However, he added the White House was open to talks but warned: "The fundamental reality is talk is cheap. Delay is expensive."
Stephen Innes, head of Asia-Pacific trading at OANDA, said: "Investors' complacency has given way to sheer terror as there can be very little doubt that the US and China have locked horns in a legitimate trade war as battle lines get drawn."
In early trade Hong Kong edged up 0.1% after dropping 2.8% on Tuesday, but Shanghai extended a 3.8% loss by giving up 0.4%.
Tokyo ended the morning marginally higher while Sydney gained 0.7%, Singapore edged up 0.1% and Seoul added 0.9%. There were also gains in Wellington, Taipei and Manila.
The dollar clawed back early losses against the yen but analysts warn it remains under pressure as investors look to the Japanese unit as a point of safety in times of turmoil.
Eyes are also moving to OPEC's crucial meeting as Saudi Arabia pushes with non-member Russia to lift an output ceiling that has supported oil prices for 18 months.
However, the two major producers are facing stiff opposition at the June 22-23 gathering from nations that have benefited from the increased revenues.
"It does seem like an increase is coming," said Greg McKenna, chief market strategist at AxiTrader. "The question is can such a move be achieved in order to balance the interests of OPEC's customers like the US and India while still holding the cartel together as a functioning group.* Sign up to Fin24's top news in your inbox: SUBSCRIBE TO FIN24 NEWSLETTER