The Institute of Race Relations broadly welcomes the economic discussion paper recently released to the public by Minister of Finance Tito Mboweni, and believes the Treasury is providing valuable leadership in South Africa’s battle of ideas.
The 77-page paper, titled Economic Transformation, Inclusive Growth, and Competitiveness: Towards an Economic Strategy for South Africa, was released last month and calls for a series of interventions to boost growth by up to 3%.
The ANC's national executive committee (NEC) was due to discuss the paper at its special four-day meeting with alliance partners over the weekend.
Mboweni asked the public to submit their comments on the paper by September 15.
The IRR’s submission to the National Treasury on the discussion paper notes that this paper puts the focus where it needs to be – on policy.
The paper also suggests a number of important and implementable micro-economic solutions which can go some way to breaking South Africa out of its current economic morass.
There are, of course, risks. The IRR notes that it may go the way of the Growth, Employment, and Redistribution (GEAR) policy, which fell by the wayside after it had put South Africa on a relatively sure footing for sustainable economic growth.
The IRR also proposes some interventions which the Treasury should consider.
The first is that the very large subsidies that currently go to propping up South African Airways (SAA) should be diverted to the public transport sector.
SA Express - which has been grounded twice this year - received a R1.2bn bailout in February, and is in line for another R300m. SAA has also requested a further bailout for the financial year and is awaiting news, Reuters reported earlier this month.
Consideration should be given to giving some of this transport subsidy to taxis. The IRR argues that is unconscionable that middle-class South Africans are provided an effective subsidy for air travel through SAA, while poorer South Africans can spend up to 40% of their income on transport costs.
Cut more red tape
A welcome intervention in the paper is the proposal to cut red tape, but the IRR argues that it does not go far enough.
For example, the IRR has suggested a ‘two-for-one’ proposal that would mean that any regulatory body wanting to introduce new regulations should be obliged to repeal two existing ones at the same time.
Overall, the paper produced by the Minister and the Treasury should be applauded and supported, although it could go further in suggesting additional ways to liberalise the economy.
This could be a first step in implementing the reforms which the country so badly needs. But these proposals will remain worthless unless steps are taken to actually implement them.
John Kane-Berman is a policy fellow at the IRR. Views expressed are his own.