The citrus industry involves the production, processing and export of oranges, grapefruit, lemons and clementine fruits and they are primarily grown in Limpopo, the Eastern Cape and Mpumalanga - areas overwhelmed by poverty and unemployment.
Exactly two decades ago, the citrus industry was the same size as the egg industry, worth just R2.5 billion. Today it is valued at R20.3 billion, making it the fourth largest industry after the poultry, beef and maize industries.
While the citrus industry is ranked fourth, it holds a top position in terms of foreign earnings and job creation within the agricultural sector. About R19.7 billion of the citrus industry value was derived from export markets in the Europe Union and Russia, including special markets, such as the USA, South Korea and Japan.