We are just over two weeks before the Crop Estimates
Committee (CEC) releases data on South African farmers’ intentions to plant
summer crops for the 2020/21 season. The available data such as tractor sales,
weather outlook, and commodity prices, which could be read as 'leading
indicators', suggests that this could be yet another good season for South
Africa’s agricultural sector. The focus on 28 October 2020, which is a day when
the data will be released, will mainly be on maize, sunflower seed, soybeans,
groundnuts, sorghum and dry beans, which are all major summer grains and
The aforementioned tractor sales, which are an important early indicator of farmers’ expectations for the upcoming season, have been robust since June 2020. The recent sales for September 2020 showed a 23% y/y increase, with about 529 units sold. Importantly, the available data for the first nine months of the year already show that South Africa’s tractor sales amounted to 3 924 units, up slightly by 0.1% y/y. This was boosted, to a certain extent, by improved farmers’ financial position following a large summer grains harvest in 2019/20 production season and combined with higher commodity prices.
Another factor likely to buoy farmers is crop prices. On 08 October 2020, South Africa’s white and yellow maize spot prices were each up by 21% y/y, trading at R3 394 per tonne and R3 498 per tonne, respectively. At the same time, domestic soybean and sunflower seed spot prices were up by 36% y/y and 34% y/y respectively trading at R8 206 per tonne and R7 633 per tonne. The key drivers of prices are mainly the weaker domestic currency, rising demand for South African grain products in key markets such as the Far East, and generally higher global grains prices on the back of growing demand from China. Although these price increases present various challenges for grain users, primarily, the livestock industry, millers, and ultimately consumers, they have improved farmers’ finances. This has offered some of the support for the solid agricultural machinery sales.