Ask an expert

25 Jul 2005


i did an HIV ELISA test in January and i tested positive while my wife tested negative. i never slept with anyone accept my wife. i last did an HIV test in 2003 and i was negative . is it possible that i might be negative? i was never told to come back for another test after the results i was just given some pills for energy and that was it. how accurate is the first HIV ELISA test.
Answer 379 views

01 Jan 0001

I think you should discuss this result with your doctor and it may be indicated to repeat the tests.
HIV is spread most commonly in these ways:
By having sex with an infected partner. The virus can enter the body through the lining of the vagina, vulva, penis, rectum, or mouth during sex.
Through contact with infected blood. Before blood was screened for evidence of HIV infection and before heat-treating techniques were introduced to destroy HIV in blood products, such as factor 8 and albumin, HIV was transmitted through transfusions of contaminated blood or blood components. Today, because of blood screening and heat treatment of blood derivatives, the risk of getting HIV from such transfusions is extremely small.
By sharing needles or syringes (such as during injection drug use), which can be contaminated with very small quantities of blood from someone infected with the virus. It is rare, however, for a patient to give HIV to a health care worker or vice-versa from contaminated needles or other medical instruments.
During pregnancy or birth. Approximately one-quarter to one-third of all untreated pregnant women infected with HIV will pass the infection to their babies. HIV also can be spread to babies through the breast milk of mothers infected with the virus. If the mother takes the drug AZT during pregnancy, she can significantly reduce the chances that her baby will be infected with HIV. If doctors treat mothers with AZT and deliver their babies by caesarean section, the chances of the baby being infected can be reduced to a rate of one percent.
Having a sexually transmitted disease such as syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, or bacterial vaginosis, which appears to make people more susceptible to and at higher risk for acquiring HIV infection during sex with infected partners.

Antibodies to the HIV virus can be detected by a screening test called an ELISA. The ELISA method is very sensitive but requires another test, a Western Blot, to confirm the results because false positives can occur.

You do not mention whether this result was confirmed or if there could have been any other way of you contracting the disease.

The information provided does not constitute a diagnosis of your condition. You should consult a medical practitioner or other appropriate health care professional for a physical examination, diagnosis and formal advice. Health24 and the expert accept no responsibility or liability for any damage or personal harm you may suffer resulting from making use of this content.