If a player hits the wrong ball he / she incurs a one shot penalty but if he / she hits the wrong ball out of a hazard / bunker no penalty is incurred. The player must find his / her correct ball and continue play.
When a player putts a ball, there is a line that is known as the intended line of putt.
This line extends past the hole and no other player / caddie is allowed to stand on the intended line of putt.
Before and during the stroke, the player may have the flagstick attended to, removed or held upright, to indicate the position of the hole.
When in a hazard / bunker you are not allowed to remove natural objects, but may remove manmade objects. Stones are natural.
In the bunker, the club head may not touch the sand at any time until the ball is struck with your intended swing. If the sand is touched a two - stroke penalty will be incurred.
When you take a free drop from and object you may drop the ball within one club length from the nearest point of relief not nearer the hole.
When taking an unplayable ball you may drop the ball with in two club lengths from the point the ball lies not nearer the hole. (There are more options look next week for another one)
You may replay the shot that got you in the position for a penalty of one shot.
A player may tee or place the ball anywhere within the teeing area. The teeing area is anywhere between the tee markers not further than two lengths back.
A player can tee the ball anywhere inside the teeing area even if the player stands outside the teeing ground.
Loose impediments are any natural objects on the golf course. These objects will not be fixed or growing.
Sand and soil are not loose impediments except on the greens. Any loose impediment may be removed. When the ball and the loose impediment lies in a hazard the ball must be played as it lies.
A player may have the line of play indicated to him by someone. This person may not indicate the line of play during the play of the stroke.
The line of play may also not be indicated by a mark on, or near the line during the stroke. In other words do not touch the ground on, or near the line, you are trying to show.
A player is not allowed to test the green while playing the hole. You are not allowed to test the green by running a ball along the surface. You also may not touch the surface of the green.
Penalty will be two shots in stroke play and loss of hole in match play
A player may tee or place the ball anywhere within the teeing area. The teeing area is anywhere between the tee markers and not further than two club lengths back. A player can tee the ball anywhere inside the teeing area even if the player stands outside the teeing ground.
Before you tee of make sure what make and number ball you are playing. Ideally an identification mark should be put on the golf ball.
The penalty for playing the wrong ball will be loss of the hole in match play and a two-stroke penalty in stroke play. There is one exception to the rule when the ball goes in a hazard. The ball may be marked, lifted and identified. This procedure must me announced to playing partners and opponents. If not he shall incur a one shot penalty.
A player may only ask advice from his caddie and partner. Penalty for taken advice from the wrong person will be loss of hole in match play and a two-stroke penalty in stroke play.
If the ball moves after the player addressed it; the player shall incur a one shot penalty. The ball has to be replaced.
A ball becomes unfit for play once it is out of shape, cracked or cut. If there is a reason to believe that the ball is unfit for play, the player has to announce this to his opponent, marker or fellow
If an opponent or his caddie, attends, removes or holds the flagstick without the player's authority, and the ball is in motion, the opponent will be in breach of this rule.
It is illegal for an opponent or his caddie to attend, hold or remove the flagstick without authority from the player while he is stroking the putt or if the ball is in motion. If the ball strikes the flagstick or the person attending it, the ball will be played as it lies.
On the putting green, the stroke shall be cancelled and replayed from the original place. The penalty will be loss of hole in match play and a two-stroke penalty in stroke play.