Younger women with breast cancer who undergo a lumpectomy to remove their tumor survive just as long and aren't any more likely to have a recurrence than women who opt for the more radical and disfiguring mastectomy, or removal of the entire breast, two new studies report.
"These results will give young women with breast cancer some reassurance if they choose to have a lumpectomy," said Dr Julliette Buckley, lead author of one of the studies. "They can feel safe and secure in making the choice to keep their breast."
The findings relate specifically to women under the age of 40.
Women in this younger age group tend to be diagnosed at a later stage than older women and seem also to have a higher rate of recurrence, said Buckley, who is a breast surgery fellow at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.
Although it has been unclear if women who undergo a mastectomy actually live longer, more women lately have been choosing this procedure over a breast-conserving lumpectomy.
Buckley and her colleagues looked at medical records on 628 women aged 21 to 40 who had been diagnosed with up to stage III breast cancer between 1996 and 2008.
Of the women undergoing lumpectomy, 7.34% had a local recurrence versus 7.4% in women who had their whole breast removed.
Survival rates were also similar in both groups, with about 93% of patients alive after five years and 87.2% alive after 10 years.
The second group of researchers used U.S. National Cancer Institute data on almost 15,000 patients aged 20 to 39 who had early-stage breast cancer. Forty-five percent underwent breast-conserving surgery while 55% had a mastectomy.
All patients in the breast-conserving lumpectomy group also underwent radiation therapy, along with 17% of women who had a mastectomy.
After adjusting for other factors, the investigators found similar survival rates in both groups, and a second, smaller analysis backed up this initial data: At five years, about 92% of women in each group were still alive. Those numbers declined to about 83.5% after 10 years. At 15 years, the numbers were 77% for lumpectomy and 79% for mastectomy, according to a news release from the American Society of Clinical Oncology.
"There was no difference based on the type of treatment they received," said study lead author Dr Usama Mahmood.
Mahmood is a radiation oncology fellow at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston but conducted the research while a resident at the University of Maryland.
Although the surgical treatment for breast cancer may vary in certain cases, researchers noted that, in general, women who get a lumpectomy have the same survival rates as those getting a mastectomy.
"This serves as a reminder that women should be counselled regarding their treatment options and should not choose mastectomy based on the assumption of improved survival," Mahmood said.
Because these studies were to be presented at a medical meeting, they should be considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.
To learn more about breast cancer surgery, visit the American Cancer Society.
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