Memory is always impaired. Initially, short-term memory is affected, but as the disease progresses, it will also include long-term memory (usually in advanced disease).

Short-term memory is the ability to form new information. Examples of impaired short-term memory include misplacing articles, forgetting appointments, repeating oneself, and forgetting the details of recent events. As the memory impairment progresses, the person will increasingly live in the past.

Written by Dr Frans Hugo, MBChB, M.Med Psychiatry and Dr L. Van Wyk, MBChB, M. Med (Psych) from the Panorama Memory Clinic.

For more information visit: Dementia SA: or Alzheimer’s South Africa:

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