The latest national household HIV survey by the Human Sciences Research Council shows that almost quarter of all new infections in South Africa occur among young women between the ages of 15 and 24 years.
New infections among this group of women are more than four times those seen in their male peers due to a range of factors.
Science tells us that women’s anatomy makes them more vulnerable to contracting the virus. Research says that a range of other factors including gender-based violence, unequal power dynamics in relationships and poverty exacerbate this biological vulnerability.
This Women’s Month, we ask young women and men why they think young women are more vulnerable to HIV.
Lerato Songwane, 22
Sebokeng, east of Johannesburg
“I think this is caused by men sleeping around then coming back to us their women to infect us. They refuse to use condoms because they know that their voice is heard (much more) than ours.”
Magareth Riuters, 29
“We live under oppression. I am scared to lose my husband. At the end of the day, he says, 'we don’t use condoms because you are my wife' and it stays like that. We are always oppressed because there is no way we can say no to men.”
Kgauhelo Morapedi, 24
“Our boyfriends have this belief that men must be heard over women so obviously when he says no condom then it means no condom. That is how we get more exposed to HIV.”
Lebohang Mbali, 20
“Women cant satisfy their own men sexually so that is the reason why men go outside to seek good, enjoyable sex. Then they contract HIV and bring it to their straight girlfriends or wives.”
Musa Makeka, 25
“It starts at home. If my boyfriend don’t give me money, I will find someone outside who will give me money. I will have to pay him with sex and forget that I can contract HIV if I no longer stick to my partner because of money.”
Itumeleng Ntshupiseng, 22
“Sugar daddies, if they come promise us expensive clothes and nice stuff, yes I’ll go for that in exchange for unprotected sex. ‘H-I-V’ is not written on (people’s) foreheads – there is no way I can tell that this sugar daddy is HIV positive.”
Puleng Thulo, 22,
“We girls love money, so if any guy promises me money and ask for sex without a condom, I will give it to him because I need money.”
Image: Sample blood collection tube with HIV test label on HIV infection screening test form from Shutterstock.