Most lifestyle guidelines for reducing the risk of illness and death warn against smoking or other types of tobacco use. But about 80% of Americans are never or former smokers, so the authors of this study wanted to assess the impact of healthy living recommendations other than tobacco avoidance.
They looked at diet and lifestyle questionnaires filled out in 1992 and 1993 by almost 112,000 non-smoking women and men in the Cancer Prevention Study. The participants were scored based on their adherence to American Cancer Society prevention guidelines regarding body mass index, physical activity, diet and alcohol consumption.
Lower risk of death from heart disease, cancer
After 14 years of follow-up, participants who were highly compliant with the recommendations had a 42% risk of death vs. those who were the least compliant. Among those with higher compliance scores, the risk of cardiovascular-related death was 58 % lower for women and 48% lower for men, and the risk of cancer death was 24% lower in women and 30% lower in men.
The findings were similar for both never and former smokers.
The study appears online in the journal Cancer Biomarkers, Epidemiology, and Prevention.
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