Adolescents who believe they matter to their families are less likely to threaten or engage in violence against family members, according to a new study, led by Brown University sociologist Gregory Elliott. The research is published in the Journal of Family Issues.
A relatively new concept, "mattering", is the belief that persons make a difference in the world around them. Mattering is composed of three facets — awareness, importance, and reliance. Do others know you exist? Do they invest time and resources in you? Do they look to you as a resource? Elliott asserts that mattering is the fundamental motivation in human beings. "Above all else, there's a need to matter," he says.
The data for this analysis comes from telephone interviews with a national sample of 2,004 adolescents, age 11-18, as part of the 2000 Youth Risk Behaviour Survey. Controlling for age, gender, race, religiosity, and family socioeconomic structure and size, the findings reveal that failing to matter to one's family increases the probability of violence, whereas a strong feeling of mattering is likely to protect the adolescent from engaging in violent behaviour toward a family member.
Among the findings:
- Girls hit family members more than boys do.
- Children from larger families are more likely to use violence.
- If religion is important in one's life, the likelihood of family violence diminishes.
- Children whose parents did postgraduate study are more likely to enact violence than those whose parents did not finish high school.
The authors believe the mechanism behind mattering is that it has an effect on both self-esteem and on one's attitude toward violence, which ultimately determines one's behaviour.
"Mattering is the prime mover in a chain reaction involving self-esteem and attitudes toward violence," said Elliott. "If you don't matter, it sets up a chain of unfortunate feelings and events that makes it difficult to get along." - (EurekAlert!, April 2011)