Chronic diseases and conditions are often the result of unhealthy behaviours that can be changed. Examples of such behaviours are lack of exercise, poor nutrition, tobacco use, and alcohol abuse.
Young adults with chronic diseases like asthma and diabetes are more than three times as likely to try to kill themselves as their healthy peers, a new Canadian study suggests.
They're also 28% more likely to think of suicide and 134% more likely to have plans to do so.
Chronic illness and mental disorders
"Evidence suggests risk for suicide attempts is highest soon after young people are diagnosed with a chronic illness," said lead researcher Mark Ferro, a professor in the University of Waterloo's Faculty of Applied Health Sciences. "There is a critical window of opportunity for prevention and continued monitoring."
A recent Health24 article indicates that suffering from chronic pain such as backache be debilitating and even fatal – research has shown a link between chronic pain and suicide and depression.
The current study was published in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.
Little time for mental health concerns
The researchers also found that young people are more likely to have a mental disorder when they suffer from a chronic illness, although it's not clear if one causes the other.
Still, "having a chronic illness may increase the risk for the development of psychiatric disorder, which in turn, increases risk for suicidal thoughts, plans and attempts," Ferro said in a university news release. "Having both a chronic illness and psychiatric disorder has a compounding effect, further increasing the odds of suicidal thoughts."
According to Ferro, the study findings point to the importance of focusing on mental illness during doctor visits instead of just the chronic illness.
"For many young people with chronic conditions, their physical illnesses take precedence in doctor's visits, leaving little, if any, time for mental health concerns," Ferro said. "While the idea that there is no health without mental health is becoming more pervasive, we still have a long way to go."
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