Which foods are the best sources of dietary fibre?

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High fibre foods have many benefits.
High fibre foods have many benefits.

The more we learn about fibre, the more important the recommendation to get enough of it becomes.

Key health benefits of fibre

  • Lowering cholesterol
  • Lowering blood sugar
  • Easing elimination
  • Improving heart health
  • Possibly reducing colon cancer risk
  • Helping with weight control

"Fibre" is actually an umbrella term for many different types in foods, so many that they've been likened to vitamins. They vary in function and amount needed, but all contribute to better health.

Common thinking has been that soluble fibre, typically found in oats and in legumes like peas and lentils, helps lower cholesterol and regulate blood sugar, while insoluble fibre, found in wheat bran and fruit and vegetables, helps keep you regular.

Turns out that it's not quite so black and white. Some soluble fibres like oat bran and psyllium do both jobs, while others don't seem to affect cholesterol. That's why getting a mix through a varied diet makes the most sense. But it's also important to get enough fibre every day.

Read labels

While eating lots of fruit and vegetables is good for many reasons, realise that even eating the skins contributes only slightly to meeting daily fibre needs.

Try to increase and vary the total amount of fibre-rich foods you eat by adding whole grains like wheat, oats, rye, barley, millet and buckwheat, along with legumes, nuts and seeds.

The US Food and Drug Administration recommends 25g of fibre a day for a 2 000 calorie diet.

Also look for foods with added bran or other sources of fibre. Read labels when comparing brands and choose the one that provides the most fibre.

Finally, keep in mind that you'll likely need to make some food swaps to meet fibre intake goals without adding more daily calories than you need in the process.

Image credit: iStock

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