Rabies kills 160 people each day

The rabies virus, which is almost always transmitted by bites from rabid dogs, is almost 100% fatal. (Pierre-Philippe Marcou, AFP)
The rabies virus, which is almost always transmitted by bites from rabid dogs, is almost 100% fatal. (Pierre-Philippe Marcou, AFP)

Investment in dog vaccination is the single most effective way of tackling canine rabies, but the lack of a concerted effort to wipe it out means that around 59 000 people every year, or 160 people each day, still die from the pernicious disease.

Countries that have invested most in dog vaccination are the ones where human deaths from the disease have been virtually eliminated, researchers said on Friday.

The virus, almost always transmitted by bites from rabid dogs, is almost 100% fatal but is one of the few diseases in which a person can be protected by a vaccine after being exposed.

Read: 13 rabies facts

Eliminating the disease would require a programme of mass dog vaccinations as well as improving access to human vaccines, said the Global Alliance for Rabies Control which ran the study, the first to examine the impact of rabies across all countries.

"No one should die of rabies," said Professor Louis Nel, executive director of the alliance.

The greatest risk of canine rabies is overwhelmingly in the poorest countries, the study showed. While India has the highest number of fatalities, the death rate is highest in sub-Saharan Africa, where for many the vaccine is prohibitively expensive.

Read: How to identify rabies

Researchers said global investment in dog vaccination was "inadequate".

Annual economic losses due to the disease are around $8.6 billion, the study said, mostly because of early deaths, but also due to lost income and money spent on vaccines.

"An understanding of the actual burden helps us determine and advocate for the resources needed," said Professor Nel.

The research was led by Dr Katie Hampson of the University of Glasgow, who said the amount of data was "far greater than ever analysed before".

Also read:

Children most likely to contract rabies

Rabies worse scourge than Ebola

Rabies kills one person every 10 minutes

We live in a world where facts and fiction get blurred
In times of uncertainty you need journalism you can trust. For 14 free days, you can have access to a world of in-depth analyses, investigative journalism, top opinions and a range of features. Journalism strengthens democracy. Invest in the future today. Thereafter you will be billed R75 per month. You can cancel anytime and if you cancel within 14 days you won't be billed. 
Subscribe to News24
Voting Booth
The ANC's leadership race is heating up. Who do you think will be elected party president at Nasrec in December?
Please select an option Oops! Something went wrong, please try again later.
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma has got it in the bag
7% - 624 votes
I foresee a second term for Cyril Ramaphosa
83% - 7466 votes
Don’t discount a Zweli Mkhize win
10% - 927 votes
Rand - Dollar
Rand - Pound
Rand - Euro
Rand - Aus dollar
Rand - Yen
Brent Crude
Top 40
All Share
Resource 10
Industrial 25
Financial 15
All JSE data delayed by at least 15 minutes Iress logo
Editorial feedback and complaints

Contact the public editor with feedback for our journalists, complaints, queries or suggestions about articles on News24.