Males are almost two times more likely to die from severe Covid-19 than females, according to new research.
The study published in Science reveals that the probability of men dying from severe Covid-19 is 1.7 times that of women. Researchers emphasise that there are differences in male and physiological systems, including the immune system. This results in differential immune responses and disease outcomes based on gender – although age and other factors also play a role.
The research also revealed that males have lower immune responses and generally have higher viral loads for hepatitis B virus and HIV. Females, however, generally mount a more robust immune response to vaccines, like influenza shots.