- Experts say that there is no scientific basis for the ACDP's claim that baby shampoo can help to treat Covid-19.
- They warn that following the party's advice lead to harmful health consequences.
- Measures like physical distancing, handwashing and mask-wearing are more effective, they advise.
An African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP) post on Twitter recently claimed that a drop of Johnson & Johnson's No More Tears baby shampoo in a warm saline nasal rinse will help to break down the fatty exterior of SARS-CoV-2 - the virus that causes Covid-19.
The political party was responding to a tweet from journalist Oliver Meth.
Experts, however, warn that the claims are not based on any evidence.
A dangerous claim
Health24 spoke to two experts about the recommendation: Professor Francois Venter, the deputy executive director at the Wits Reproductive Health Institute and a lecturer at Wits' Department of Medicine, and Professor Eric Decloedt from Stellenbosch University's Division of Clinical Pharmacology.
Venter explains that transmission of the virus does not occur in the nostrils or throat, but in the lungs. A nasal saline treatment will not help to prevent the virus from entering the body.
He also says there is no clinical evidence that the shampoo can be used as a treatment.
"We have no drugs at the moment that stop movement of the virus from the air into your airways and into your lungs. We have nothing to offer. At the moment, there's nothing else, home remedy or otherwise, which we can use in this situation."
Decloedt says that the practice should strongly be discouraged because there is no evidence that it works.
"The use of J&J No More Tears baby shampoo diluted in a warm saline nasal rinse to prevent Covid-19 has zero evidence base. It should not be used to prevent Covid and this practice should strongly be discouraged. Physical distancing, keeping your social circle to the same small group of core people, hand washing and the wearing of masks are the best preventative measures for Covid-19," Decloedt says.
The use of untested chemicals in the nostrils or and other body parts comes with great consequences, the experts warn.
Venter says the product hasn't been tested as a Covid-19 prevention measure or treatment option, and adds that it can cause damage and inflammation, or irritation and severe damage.
Decloedt warns that using the baby shampoo can have serious consequences.
"Normal saline (without shampoo) nasal rinse can be used to relieve a stuffy blocked nose for symptomatic relief. However, it cannot prevent Covid-19 infection. J&J No More Tears baby shampoo should not be taken nasally; it is a product for external use. Shampoo has been manufactured to clean hair, not to be inhaled via your nose.
"It contains cationic surfactants which, if a large enough dose is applied to the nose, could cause burning and irritation of the nasal mucosa. If ingested, it can cause irritation of the stomach with abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhoea," Decloedt explains.