Saline spray helps to reduce nosebleeds

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A simple salt-based spray is as effective as medicated sprays in controlling chronic nosebleeds, a new study contends.

Saline placebo

"This research highlights that there could be a benefit even in the simplest of interventions," said corresponding study author Dr Kevin Whitehead. He is an associate professor of internal medicine at the University of Utah School of Medicine.

People with a condition called haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) are plagued with nosebleeds. Many have one nosebleed a week, and some have more than two a day.

The new study included 121 people with the condition who sprayed either a saline solution (salt plus water) or one of three medications – bevacizumab, estriol or tranexamic acid – into their nose twice a day for 12 weeks.

Read: Unravelling the secrets of the nose

The saline spray was as effective in reducing nosebleeds as the drugs, according to the study.

"No drug proved to be any better than the saline placebo, but the majority of patients improved over the course of treatment – even those using saline," Whitehead said in a university news release.

HHT-related nosebleeds are little different from common nosebleeds. The use of saline spray for common nosebleeds hasn't been assessed, but would be easy to test, the researchers noted.

The study was published online in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Read more:

What do when in the case of a nosebleed

Nosebleeds seldom need invasive treatment

Causes of sinusitis

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