- After visiting several health facilities in Gauteng in 2020, the office of the PP made numerous recommendations.
- Two years later, there has, however, been no notable improvement in the situation.
- Some health experts say that the problems facing the provincial health department are far-reaching and beyond 'just a few recommendations'.
After a visit to several hospitals in Gauteng in 2020, the Public Protector (PP) concluded that the Gauteng health department has failed to ensure appropriate conditions for the use and delivery of healthcare services for the community of Gauteng.
Close to two years later, the situation in some of these hospitals appears to have deteriorated further. This is despite the department stating it has implemented the PP’s recommendations and made some improvements.
A team from the Office of the PP visited several health facilities in Gauteng in 2020 and conducted site inspections to determine the state of readiness of hospitals to cope with the pandemic. The inspection involved random interviews with medical and nursing staff, organised labour, and patients.
During the visit, the team expanded their inspection to examine a number of additional issues, including the availability of healthcare services, human resource challenges, physical infrastructure and vital equipment, machinery, quality, and the provision of personal protective equipment (PPE), and staff morale in hospitals.
On 18 August 2020, a team from the Office of the PP visited and inspected Jubilee District Hospital, Dr George Mukhari Academic Hospital, and Steve Biko Academic Hospital. On 19 August, they visited Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital and the Lilian Ngoyi Community Health Centre (CHC). On 20 August 2020, the team visited Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital.
Findings and 'must-do’s'
When Spotlight asked PP spokesperson Oupa Segalwe about the Gauteng Health department’s progress in implementing their recommendations, he said the office of the PP has not received any response other than acknowledgements of receipt from the responsible authorities. "Our compliance unit is following up with those who must implement the remedial action."
Spotlight put some of the PP’s recommendations to the Gauteng Department of Health and asked for details on their implementation.
1. Supply chain issues
Among the recommendations was for the department to fix supply chain issues. The then acting head of the department Dr Sibongile Zungu had 30 days after the PP report was published to ensure that the department's supply chain management unit is reassessed to determine if it has the capacity and capability to respond to the procurement needs of the province's hospitals.
Zungu had to determine and resolve what was causing the delays within the supply chain management process with regard to procuring, maintaining, and delivering medical equipment to hospitals in the province.
It is unclear if that was done since the department only responded to some questions.
2. Infrastructure and maintenance
Some of the issues the PP report flagged were occupational health and safety hazards at some of these health facilities, especially due to infrastructure challenges and poor maintenance.
Responding to questions from Spotlight, Gauteng health spokesperson, Kwara Kekana said there is a risk committee that does monthly risk assessments related to structural challenges including loose hanging ceilings, and hanging electrical wires. These monthly risk assessments also include assessing security challenges such as the functionality of the CCTV cameras, safety and security of patients and staff, and availability of security guards.
It also includes occupational health and safety challenges such as removal of medical waste, availability of PPE and protective clothing for staff members, and any other factors that may pose a risk to the working environment," says Kekana.
Singling out Jubilee District Hospital and the OHS projects, Kekana said the infrastructure priority list was done and submitted by the management of the Jubilee District Hospital to the Gauteng Department of Health and the department of infrastructure Development (DID) in April 2021. She said engineers did not do a conditional assessment in the previous financial year (2021/2022), but Jubilee District Hospital has an occupational health and safety project which started in July 2021. This project, she says, has a detailed plan which is led by DID and the Gauteng health department.
3. Human resources
The PP report also asked the department to devise a plan on how it will resolve the human resources capacity challenges at some of the health facilities.
In respect of Lillian Ngoyi Community Health Centre, the PP recommended that Zungu take appropriate steps to ensure that within 30 working days there are enough doctors on duty to provide medical care to the patients and have a dedicated roster to monitor adherence to the facility's prescribed waiting times in line with the Ideal Clinic Framework. The report did not specify a number but according to Kekana, there are currently nine doctors at Lillian Ngoyi CHC.
Lillian Ngoyi had no facility manager at the time of the investigation and the PPSA asked the hospital to ensure that a suitable candidate for the position of Facility Manager is appointed. According to Kekana, the facility manager, Jacqueline Ngidi, was then appointed on 1 December 2021. "She has been working as a Professional Nurse since 1995, which translates to twenty-seven years of nursing service," Kekana says.
This week, ahead of the health budget vote in the Gauteng provincial legislature, transport and road infrastructure MEC Jacob Mamobolo, however, said the province will in this financial year, invest about R3bn to refurbish hospitals in the province.
This could potentially go some way in addressing the challenges flagged by the Public Protector.
“Our health and safety programme has received a lot of money,” he said, “and will be implemented in 15 priority hospitals across the province.” He said the money will be made available by the provincial health department and the Gauteng infrastructure department will be implementing it. “Through this programme, we will refurbish hospitals to improve safety ratings and to reduce maintenance backlogs that have accumulated,” he said.
Health experts respond
But some health experts say, even though the Gauteng health department says they addressed some of the issues flagged in the report, the problems facing the provincial health department are far-reaching and beyond just a few recommendations.
In an interview with Spotlight, Dr Aslam Dasoo of the Progressive Health Forum (PHF), had his own diagnosis of the challenges plaguing Gauteng health.
He says with nine different provinces health policies are all set up nationally but they get interpreted in nine different ways. “As political hegemony develops within provinces, they have the right to distribute the funds (budgetary allocations) and put whoever they want as heads of the departments," Dasoo says.
"As that develops, so too does the dissipation of policy. Suddenly, almost every province is running its own thing in its own way. And then two other problems emerge – you don't have proper management or properly trained managers who are accountable to the civil service. They are usually appointed for political reasons and that's mainly to facilitate the corruption of healthcare funds."
Pitfalls of poor leadership
Dasoo says with the poor management and poor allocation of funding for health services these services deteriorate.
"The Gauteng provincial government is riddled with criminal syndicates, and if you take the Charlotte Maxeke fire as an example, it's a year since that fire took place. The most well-resourced province in the country can't fix one hospital in a year," he says.
Dasoo also slammed the poor leadership in the Gauteng health department. “A year later, after many protests, many deaths, a lot of illness, and a lot of deliberate preventable dying,” Dasoo says, “there's some movement at Charlotte Maxeke because the national health department has stepped in.”
According to Dasoo the deterioration in the public system has been accompanied by an escalation in private care. "The escalation in private care is unregulated. So, all that happens is that even the staff, which was trained in the public sector now migrate to the private sector, leaving the public sector short of staff," he says, adding that when staff members leave for the private sector, the government doesn't fill these vacancies because the money is gone. “It's used on other things which are not always legitimate things.”
‘Medieval horror show’
Dasoo says the public health system loses not only patients but also loses staff and once healthcare workers leave the public health system for the private sector, it's not possible to get them back.
"You can't get those doctors back because who would want to go into Helen Joseph Hospital, which was seeing the overflow from Charlotte Maxeke [after the fire] – they were seeing all of Charlotte Maxeke's psychiatry patients," he says – "30 to 40 patients at a time," he says. "Helen Joseph Hospital last year didn't have water. It took Gift of the Givers to come and drill a borehole - the mighty Gauteng government couldn't even drill a borehole.
"So, when you walk into Hellen Joseph while this is happening, it's like walking into a medieval horror show in the most industrialised city on the continent. It's not proper and it's not tenable. We can't accept this. It is so off the wall. It's so abnormal."
He says it takes leadership to be able to fix a broken health care system such as that in Gauteng. "And it's not going to happen in this [PP] review. I can tell you, that deterioration is continuing," Dasoo says.
Throwing money at the problem
Ahead of Gauteng Health MEC Dr Nomathemba Mokgethi’s budget speech this week, Russell Rensburg, director of the Rural Health Advocacy Project (RHAP), says just throwing money at the problems is also not enough.
Rensburg tells Spotlight that the department’s challenges can only be solved with a proper evaluation of what the health system does with the money (allocated to them) and looking to where the province has inefficiencies.
Gauteng receives enormous budgets compared to other provinces, Rensburg says. "The money actually needs to be directed where the people are. In public sector budgets, we have to prioritise those that have the least access or those who have the least ability to pay to access primary healthcare or public sector health facilities," he says.
Rensburg says it is important that government looks at what the health system delivers and what the healthcare is people need.
"The next step is to look at the efficiency of our large hospitals. To what extent are those hospitals delivering the services that they are funded for? So, I think the only way forward for us is really to sort of do an assessment of how the health system delivers, how it can deliver better with the available funding, and how can it make the primary health care system, most importantly, more accessible to a large percentage of the population," Rensburg says. '
"At the larger hospitals, we need to make sure that they do what they were founded to do and that they are running effectively and efficiently.”
*This article was published by Spotlight - health journalism in the public interest.