Mixing caffeine and alcohol may be risky

accreditation
iStock

College-age drinkers who mix caffeine and alcohol are more likely to make risky decisions and require medical care, research has shown.

A new study suggests younger drinkers often combine caffeine and alcohol as well. "Although there have been several articles about alcohol and caffeine use among college students little was known about this phenomenon among younger adolescents," Dr Michael Siegel told Reuters Health in an email.

He worked on the study at the Boston University School of Public Health. Siegel and his colleagues analysed information from internet surveys of 1 031 youths aged 13 to 20 who'd had at least one alcoholic drink in the past month.

The surveys asked participants whether they consumed energy drinks that contained alcohol and if they mixed caffeine and alcoholic drinks on their own.

The researchers considered traditional caffeinated alcoholic beverages to be alcohol mixed with soda, coffee and tea. Non-traditional beverages were pre-mixed alcoholic energy drinks and alcohol mixed with energy drinks or shots.

More common among underage drinkers

"Most of the previous studies have focused on the combination of energy drinks and alcohol, but have not studied more traditional combinations such as alcohol and soda," Siegel said.

Just over half of the participants reported drinking caffeine and alcohol together in the previous month.

Than included 48% of 13- to 15-year-old drinkers, 45% of 16- to 18-year-olds and 58% of 19- and 20-year-olds. More teens drank traditional caffeinated alcoholic beverages than non-traditional beverages – 46% compared to 20%.

The researchers found teens who had started drinking between age 11 and 13 were more likely to report recently drinking caffeinated alcoholic beverages than those who started later.

The findings suggest mixing caffeine and alcohol is more common among underage drinkers and starts at a much earlier age than previously thought, Siegel and his team wrote in the journal Addictive Behaviours.

They found young people who consumed energy drinks and shots mixed with alcohol were several times more likely to binge drink, get in fights and sustain alcohol-related injuries than those who did not.

The same link existed among those who mixed alcohol with soda, coffee and tea, but to a lesser extent. "This may be due to the fact that energy drinks provide more caffeine than soda or coffee.

There appears to be a gradation of effect, with higher amounts of caffeine associated with even higher risks of adverse outcomes," Siegel said.

Literally and culturally edgy

"Ultimately what's probably happening is that kids who are driven to seek out new experiences push the limits in various ways. Energy drinks fit into that," Aaron White told Reuters Health.

He is with the Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and was not involved in the new study. "Energy drinks are a way to be edgy, literally and culturally edgy, and a way to take some chances," White said.

Mixing alcohol and caffeine can mask some of the feelings of intoxication, making teens think they can drink more. "Caffeine can make you feel like you're less intoxicated. It doesn't reduce your level of intoxication," White said.

Many products containing caffeine and alcohol such as Four Loko have been taken off the market or reformulated without caffeine, the researchers noted. But that doesn't seem to be stopping young people from mixing their own.

"We believe that efforts to educate youth about the adverse outcomes associated with the consumption of alcohol and caffeine are warranted," Siegel said. "Parents should be aware that underage youths are often adding alcohol to non-alcoholic beverages like soda and energy drinks," he added.

"While the dangers of pre-mixed beverages containing caffeine and alcohol have received widespread media attention, we found that the main source of (caffeinated alcoholic beverage) use among youths is self-mixing of caffeine and alcohol," Siegel said. "These results should become a part of health education programmes for teens."

We live in a world where facts and fiction get blurred
In times of uncertainty you need journalism you can trust. For 14 free days, you can have access to a world of in-depth analyses, investigative journalism, top opinions and a range of features. Journalism strengthens democracy. Invest in the future today. Thereafter you will be billed R75 per month. You can cancel anytime and if you cancel within 14 days you won't be billed. 
Subscribe to News24
Voting Booth
The ANC's leadership race is heating up. Who do you think will be elected party president at Nasrec in December?
Please select an option Oops! Something went wrong, please try again later.
Results
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma has got it in the bag
7% - 807 votes
I foresee a second term for Cyril Ramaphosa
83% - 9253 votes
Don’t discount a Zweli Mkhize win
10% - 1085 votes
Vote
Rand - Dollar
18.01
-1.3%
Rand - Pound
20.10
+0.2%
Rand - Euro
17.64
-0.4%
Rand - Aus dollar
11.54
+0.0%
Rand - Yen
0.12
-0.9%
Gold
1,713.29
-0.2%
Silver
20.65
+0.0%
Palladium
2,263.50
+0.2%
Platinum
925.50
+0.3%
Brent Crude
93.37
+1.7%
Top 40
59,416
+0.4%
All Share
65,833
+0.3%
Resource 10
63,279
-0.6%
Industrial 25
80,027
+1.0%
Financial 15
13,997
+0.3%
All JSE data delayed by at least 15 minutes Iress logo
Editorial feedback and complaints

Contact the public editor with feedback for our journalists, complaints, queries or suggestions about articles on News24.

LEARN MORE