What is cirrhosis of the liver?

The liver is the largest organ in the body and is essential in keeping the body functioning properly. It removes or neutralises poisons from the blood, produces immune agents to control infection, and removes germs and bacteria from the blood. It makes proteins that regulate blood clotting and produces bile to help absorb fats and fat-soluble vitamins.

You cannot live without a functioning liver.

In cirrhosis, damaged and dead liver cells are replaced by fibrous tissue, which leads to fibrosis (scarring). Fibrous tissue replaces normal, healthy tissue. The liver cells regenerate in an abnormal pattern primarily forming nodules that are surrounded by fibrous tissue. Grossly abnormal liver architecture eventually ensues and blocks the flow of blood through the organ thus preventing it from performing the essential functions.


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