Does omega-3 really affect behaviour in children? Yes, according to new research that suggests that regularly taking an omega-3 supplement could actually minimise or prevent aggressive, antisocial behaviour in children.
Conducted by University of Pennsylvania Integrates Knowledge Professor Adrian Raine, the randomised controlled trial studied 200 children between the ages of 8 and 16, the University of Pennsylvania explains. Half the children were given juice boxes containing an omega-3 supplement once a day for 6 months while others received juice without the supplement.
The children and their parents completed a number of personality tests and other assessments at the beginning of the study, at 6 months and at 12 months after the study began. The parents were required to rate their children in terms of both "externalising" and "internalising behaviours". Externalising behaviours include aggressive, antisocial behaviour such as involvement in fights and lying while internal behaviours include anxiety and depression.
Both groups showed a decrease in both external and internal behaviours at 6 months, a result that Prof. Raine attributes to the placebo effect. Interestingly, at 12 months the control group had returned to their previous levels of both behaviours but those who received an omega-3 supplement continued to show a decrease in both behaviours.
While the results are promising, Prof. Raine has cautioned that they are still in the very early stages and that more research is needed to further investigate the role of nutrition in minimising antisocial behaviour.
Omega-3 and ADHD
There are a number of studies that suggest omega-3 can be beneficial in managing ADHD symptoms, especially when it comes to concentration. Whilst much of the research hasn't been proven on a broader scale, smaller studies have yielded interesting results.
The findings of Prof. Raine's study seem to support the use of omega-3 supplementation in children with ADHD.
Kids with ADHD are more likely to engage in antisocial behaviour and even crime, according to the U.S Centres for Disease Control (CDC). A study by the Yale School of Public Health supports this finding by suggesting that children who have been diagnosed with ADHD are twice as likely commit theft and 50% more likely to sell drugs in later life.
Should further research find omega-3 to reduce antisocial behaviour, it could be very beneficial for both children with ADHD and their parents in better managing the condition.
Image: Doctor giving girl fish oil tablet from Shutterstock